Human Rights of Women: National and International Perspectives

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994 - Political Science - 634 pages
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How can human rights make a difference in the reality of women's lives? The very notion of human rights implies universal application to both women and men; however, the development of international human rights law has been partial and androcentric, privileging a masculine world view. For most women in the world, reality is long work hours in agriculture or the home, with little or no remuneration, while faced with political and legal processes that ignore their contribution to society and accord little recognition of their particular needs. At the same time, it is a mistake to be limited to a monolithic, essentialized view of women that does not take into account the great differences among women in various regions of the world. For that reason, any attempt to address the human rights of women must consider how they can be protected in the context of their own cultures and traditions. In Human Rights of Women, Rebecca J. Cook and the contributors to this volume seek to analyze how international human rights law applies specifically to women in various cultures worldwide, and to develop strategies to promote equitable application of human rights law at the international, regional, and domestic levels. Their essays present a compelling mixture of reports and case studies from various regions in the world, combined with scholarly assessments of various aspects of international law as these rights specifically apply to women. The book addresses multiple and overlapping agendas: international human rights law, feminist studies, family law, political science, third world studies, jurisprudence, and philosophy. Human Rights of Women gives added inspiration and new opportunities to activists,including but not limited to legal practitioners, who seek practical means by which to make the world fairer for women both inside and outside their homes. A volume in the Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights.
 

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43 Kindu Avenue, Ibanda Zone, P.O.BOX. 2094 Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo
●Contact: Mr. KAMONDO BYEMBA Aaron
●Telephone: + 243 990 66 40 36
●Email: ifed_wcdi@yahoo.fr
In partnership with Congolese women and youth organizations:
Mme Fatuma KAYENGELE Mme Pélagie Lubambo Namwezi
Présidente du Conseil d’Administration Coordinatrice
Œuvre de Promotion des initiatives 25A, Avenue du gouverneur des femmes transporteuses Commune d'Ibanda, ville de BUKAVU.Commune de Kasha Courriel: uwaki_coordination@yahoo.fr
Courrier électronique : n/a
Téléphone : 243 97 73 12 57 Téléphone : 243 97 78 6258
Alain Kazimbe Aminata Mukombi
Commissaire aux Droits humains Débout Femme Africaine (DFA)
Collège des étudiants de l’ISP/Bukavu Commune de Kasha
alainkazimbe@yahoo.fr
Télephone :243 98679721 Télephone : 243 0810685164
Bamu Babunga Adolphe Bandke Bisimwa
Animateur (CRISEM)
Radio Maendeleo.ibanda Cris de secours aux enfants marginalisés Commune d’Ibanda Commune de Bagira
Courriél: babungabamu@yahoo.fr Courriél : crisem1@yahoo.fr
Téléphone : 243 997738793 Téléphone : 243 9 97773575
Bisimwa Izuba Buhendwa Masumbuko
Carrefour des enfants du Congo (CARECO)
EP Lycée Wima
Commune d’Ibanda
Commune de Kadutu izubabis@yahoo.fr Téléphone : 243 09 97746162
Geneviève Furaha
Fifi Wassasya
Animatrice
Coordinatrice
Union pour l’ Emancipation
de la femme Autochtone
Congolese Action for Peace and Democracy
UEFA CAPD
Commune d’Ibanda
Commune d’Ibanda
uefafr@yahoo.fr
Courriél: capdbkv2003@yahoo.fr
Téléphone : 243 09 97736188
Téléphone : 243 0810841909
Irène Shabilenge
Animatrcice
Halt-SIDA : Jeunes qui luttent
contre le sida
Syndicat d’initiative
de Kasha (Sikash)
Commune d’Ibanda
jeunes_haltsida@hotmail.com muluthere@yahoo.fr
Télephone : 0813184099
Juvénal Zozo
coordinateur
Association des mamans pour la lutte contre
la délinquance féminine et la protection des enfants
abandonnés et orphelins (AMALDEFEA)
Commune de Kadutu / cimpunda
amaldefea@yahoo.fr
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The Women Children and Development Initiatives (IFED-WCDI) is an independent, non-political, non-partisan and not-for-profit organization created in1999 and registered under F.92/6240 by the Ministry of Justice as
Charity NGO. It is a membership organization of farmers, teachers, nurses,
Journalists, workers, lawyers, men women and children alike who feel
Concerned with the poor social, economic and political status of women and children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, particularly in the Eastern Provinces of South Kivu, North Kivu and Maniema. IFED-WCD aims to improve the lives of women and children and the welfare of community by using international human rights standards to advocate for women and children's rights and achieves its goals through research, documentation, education, training and economic empowerment.
Indeed, IFED-WCDI is very worried by the situation which prevails in the East of the RD Congo in that is the responsibility of the Congolese Government in the promotion and the protection of the human rights.
The country seems to be abandoned with its sad fate because since the first war known as ‘war of liberation’ in 1996 and its successions, DR Congo was plunged in the bitter pits of various orders. The victims most touched by this war are not other than the women and the children. Since the years 1997, it developed throughout the DR Congo, another form of criminality on higher level, which often finds its justification in conflicts related to the economic order, political, social, tribal and ethnic. They are in particular "sexual violence" the use of sexual violence as a weapon of
 

Selected pages

Contents

Womens International Human Rights Law The Way Forward
3
Challenges
37
To Bellow like a Cow Women Ethnicity and the Discourse of Rights
39
What are Womens International Human Rights?
58
State Responsibility Goes Private A Feminist Critique of the PublicPrivate Distinction in International Human Rights Law
85
Intimate Terror Understanding Domestic Violence as Torture
116
Why Rethinking the Sovereign State is Important for Womens international Human Rights Law
153
International and Regional Approaches
165
General Approaches to the Domestic Application of Womens International Human Rights Law
351
Obstacles to Womens Rights in India
375
Challenges to the Application of International Womens Human Rights in the Sudan
397
The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programs on Womens International Human Rights The Example of Ghana
422
Canadian Approaches to Equality Rights and Gender Equity in the Courts
437
Guaranteeing Human Rights of Particular Significance to Women
463
Equality in the Home Womens Rights and Personal Laws in South Asia
465
Using the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights to Secure Womens Access to Land in Africa
495

State Responsibility Under International Human Rights Law to Change Religious and Customary Laws
167
Toward More Effective Enforcement of Womens Human Rights Through the Use of International Human Rights Law and Procedures
189
State Accountability Under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
228
Toward a More Effective Guarantee of the Enjoyment of Human Rights by Women in the InterAmerican System
257
Toward a More Effective Guarantee of Womens Rights in the African Human Rights System
285
African Womens Economic Social and Cultural RightsToward a Relevant Theory and Practice
307
Domestic Violence as an International Human Rights Issue
326
The Developing Approaches of the International Commission of Jurists to Womens Human Rights
340
National Approaches
349
Reproductive Rights as Human Rights The Colombian Case
515
The Use of International Human Rights Norms to Combat Violence Against Women
532
Chart of Ratifications of Selected Human Rights Instruments
573
Model Communication Form
587
Organizational Resources
591
List of Contributors
597
Table of Cases
601
Index
607
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About the author (1994)

Rebecca J. Cook is Associate Professor (Research) in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto.

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