Hybrid Nanocomposites for Nanotechnology: Electronic, Optical, Magnetic and Biomedical Applications
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 3, 2009 - Technology & Engineering - 847 pages
With the advent of nanoscience and nanotechnology, the dream of scientists to engineer new functional materials combining the best specific properties of organic and inorganic materials is closer to reality. The traditional targeted application has been the reinforcement of plastics with the addition of inorganic fillers. Accelerated research over the past two decades, as evidenced by the large bulk of literature on mechanical properties of organic–inorganic composites, focused on systems such as clay/polymer nanocomposites, which are now exploited by the automotive industry worldwide. Although, in the low filler loading range, clay/polymer na- composites can replace traditional fiber-reinforced composites, there is still a long way to go before understanding the mechanisms of enhancement of major en- neering properties of polymers and to tailor their nanostructure. The driving force to edit the present comprehensive book has been to show that the applications of organic–inorganic nanocomposites extend far beyond the above-mentioned traditional mechanical applications and that hybrid nanoc- posites should be considered as an attractive, versatile, technological platform for future electronic, optical, magnetic, and biomedical applications. Indeed, taking up challenges such as homogeneous dispersion of inorganic nanoobjects into a polymer matrix or tailoring of the multiscale nano-to-macro structure of the c- posites will contribute to the establishment of a solid unified hybrid nanocomp- ite technological platform for commercially-viable products revolutionizing various industrial sectors. The generally-accepted definition of a hybrid nanocomposite is a material created by dispersing inorganic nanoparticulates into a macroscopic organic matrix.
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absorption acid aerogels alkoxides apatite applications biosensors carbon black carbon nanotubes chains Chem Chem Mater chemical coating components composite conjugated polymers covalent crosslinking crystalline density devices dielectric diffraction doped dye-sensitized solar cells effect efficiency electrochemical electron emission energy enhanced enzyme epoxy exciton fabrication formation fullerene function glass grafting groups hybrid hybrid materials hybrid nanocomposites hydrolysis increase inorganic interaction ionic liquid ions laser layer luminescence magnetic matrix mechanical mesoporous metal methacrylate microspheres molecular molecules monomers morphology nano nanocomposites nanocrystals nanoparticles nanostructured optical organic organic–inorganic hybrids ormosils oxide P3HT particles peak phase photoinduced photoluminescence photon photosensitive photovoltaic polymerization pore porous POSS precursors prepared properties quantum dots reaction refractive index resist resonance sample semiconductor sensors silica nanoparticle surface silicon sol–gel sol–gel process solid solvent spectra SSQO structure substrate supercapacitors synthesis temperature template TEOS thermal thin films TiO2 waveguides wavelength zeolites