Hydrogen Energy: Background, Significance and Future
In a world faced with massive and ever-growing energy demands where the environment is an important factor, an array of new technologies and or fuels are becoming a necessity, not a choice. Hydrogen may be one of those alternatives. Hydrogen can be produced from diverse domestic feedstocks using a variety of process technologies. Hydrogen-containing compounds such as, fossil fuels, biomass or even water can be a source of hydrogen. Thermochemical processes can be used to produce hydrogen from biomass and from fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas and petroleum. Power generated from sunlight, wind and nuclear sources can be used to produce hydrogen electrolytically. Sunlight alone can also drive photolytic production of hydrogen from water, using advanced photoelectrochemical and photobiological processes.
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National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap United States Department of Energy
A National Vision of Americas Transition to a Hydrogen EconomyTo 2030 and Beyond United States Department of Energy
America's energy biomass carbon dioxide challenges chemical hydrides codes and standards combined heat commercial conversion devices coordinated delivery systems demonstration Department of Energy development of hydrogen Distributed power efficiency Efforts should focus electrolysis end-use energy carrier engine and turbine environmental expand Federal fossil fuels fuel cell vehicles fueling stations gas blending global greenhouse gas heat and power hydrocarbon hydrogen conversion hydrogen delivery hydrogen economy hydrogen energy development Hydrogen Energy Roadmap hydrogen energy systems hydrogen infrastructure hydrogen production hydrogen storage hydrogen systems hydrogen technologies improve internal combustion engines liquid hydrogen long-term lower costs manufacturers membrane methane reformation National Hydrogen Energy National Laboratories natural gas nuclear outreach pipelines portable power potential power parks produce hydrogen programs public policy reciprocating engines research and development safety solid-oxide fuel cells stationary applications storage devices storage systems tanks thermal energy transition transportation applications U.S. Department
Page 2 - Energy's hydrogen and fuel cell vehicle program and concluded that a transition to hydrogen "could fundamentally transform the US energy system, creating opportunities to increase energy security . . . while reducing environmental impacts." The National Academy study also recognized the enormous long-term potential of the hydrogen economy, and recommended expanding research in fuel cell cost reduction and durability, and in hydrogen storage, delivery and safety. The report, "The Hydrogen Economy...