IDs -- Not That Easy: Questions About Nationwide Identity Systems
National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on Authentication Technologies and Their Privacy Implications
National Academies Press, May 23, 2002 - Computers - 74 pages
IDs Not That Easy highlights some of the challenging policy, procedural, and technological issues presented by nationwide identity systems. In the wake of the events of September 11, 2001, nationwide identity systems have been proposed to better track the movement of suspected terrorists. However, questions arise as to who would use the system and how, if participation would be mandatory, the type of data that would be collected, and the legal structures needed to protect privacy. The committee s goal is to foster a broad and deliberate discussion among policy-makers and the public about the form of nationwide identity system that might be created, and whether such a system is desirable or feasible.
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1 Introduction and Overview
2 Policy Considerations
3 Technological Challenges
4 Concluding Remarks
A Committee Member and Staff Biographies
B What Is CSTB?
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activities addition Administration agencies allowed analysis and/or associated authentication technologies BBN Technologies behavior Bellovin biometrics Blakley Carnegie Mellon University challenges checking citizens committee believes Committee on Authentication committee’s computer science context correlation costs cryptographic CSTB reports CSTB’s database depend driver’s licenses Electronic example federal government fingerprints function creep goals Group holder ID cards identification identity information identity theft implementation individual individual’s information systems infrastructure Institute Internet Internet Architecture Board issues ment misuse multiple identities National Academy National Research Council nationwide identity system participation person policy questions potential Privacy Implications private sector proposed protection Public Key Infrastructure RADIA PERLMAN record risks Science and Telecommunications security and privacy Senior Project Assistant significant single smart card Social Security Administration Social Security number SSNs stored suspicious technical Telecommunications Board terrorist tion Tivoli Software tracking University verify wide identity system