I. I-em-hotep and Ancient Egyptian Medicine: II. Prevention of Valvular Disease. The Harveian Oration Delivered Before the Royal College of Physicians on June 21, 1904

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C. J. Clay and sons, 1904 - Heart valves - 34 pages
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Page 15 - When the heart is diseased its work is imperfectly performed; the vessels proceeding from the heart become inactive, so that you cannot feel them" (no doubt this is a reference to changes in the pulse): "they become full of air and water. When the heart is dilated the vessels from it contain effete matter. If a suppurative or putrefactive disease occur in the body...
Page 5 - the good physician of gods and men, a kind and merciful god assuaging the sufferings of those in pain, healing the diseases of men, giving peaceful sleep to the restless and suffering'.
Page 9 - Tosorthros, of the third dynasty, five or six thousand years ago, we meet with the wise I-em-hotep in an inscription referring to the seven years of famine which befell Egypt in consequence of a succession of low Niles. He is there the adviser of Pharaoh ; to him the king applies in his trouble for counsel and help.1 In the inscriptions in the temple of Edfu2 he is described at length as the great priest I-em-hotep, the son of Ptah, who speaks or lectures.3 Perhaps his discourses or lectures were...
Page 24 - Egypt. the first to stop decayed teeth with gold. I may add that Ebers states that twenty distinct diseases of the eye are referred to in the papyri, and Dr. Grant Bey asserts that the operation for cataract was practised in ancient Egypt.1 As regards materia medica the Egyptians possessed the following drugs : — lactuca, various salts of lead, such as the sulphate, with the action of which in allaying local inflammation they were well acquainted ; pomegranate and acanthus pith as vermifuges ;...
Page 8 - Ill, 1841, p. 40 of the nature of human life, strove to prolong it, to assuage suffering, and to cure disease. They studied and treated many of the ailments familiar to us, such as tubercle, leprosy, plague, anaemia, and other diseases prevalent in Egypt to-day. Near the site of this temple, securely sealed in an earthen vessel which had been hidden in the sand, was found one of the medical papyri from which I shall quote some passages ; doubtless it belonged to an early physician who sought, perhaps...
Page 17 - In another place (folio 102) the heart is spoken of as being full of blood which comes or flows from it again. In folio 39, after a description of symptoms, follows a statement to the effect that the heart is distended, the sick man is short of breath because the blood has stagnated and does not circulate.
Page 31 - The most absolute quiet is enjoined, the patient lies with his head at a low level, pain and fever are subdued, no excitement is permitted, the patient is made as comfortable as we can make him, and sleep is encouraged — in fact, we seek to attain physiological rest.
Page 33 - In the great majority of instances in which marked and continuing bruit occurs, endocarditis is present and not mere dilatation, but I admit that in some cases discrimination is difficult.
Page 32 - In addition we administer sodium or potassium iodide, partly to help in the absorption of morbid exudations but chiefly to lower vascular tension, just as we give these drugs in cases of internal aneurism.

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