Ideas that Shaped Buildings

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MIT Press, 2003 - Architecture - 356 pages

Identifying the operative ideas in architectural theory from ancient Rome to the present and codifying them into coherent theoretical systems; for students, practitioners, and the general reader.

In Ideas That Shaped Buildings, Fil Hearn identifies and codifies into theoretical systems the operative tenets of architectural theory from ancient Rome to the present. With this strikingly original synthesis of architectural history and theory, he constructs an intellectual armature on which virtually any architectural concept, past or present, can be positioned. Dealing mainly with the treatises that have been highly influential historically, he organizes their concepts thematically and analyzes their development through time. Straightforward and concise, Ideas That Shaped Buildings is readily accessible to architecture students, practicing architects, and the general public--indeed anyone interested in understanding the design rationale of buildings. Its overarching message is that, far from being constricting, proper knowledge and application of architectural theory is enabling and inspiring, and makes creative freedom possible by providing the conceptual awareness needed to devise a design.

After an introductory history of the development of architectural theory, the text is divided into four parts. The first deals with issues relevant to all theories of architecture. The second, treating theory from antiquity to 1800, focuses on the prescriptive conventions inherent in the classical tradition. The third, treating theory after 1800, focuses on the inspirational principles prompted by rationalist perceptions of the Gothic tradition. The fourth, treating theory since 1965, deals with rationales beyond rationalism and the influence of computers on design method and design formulation. The concepts discussed are illustrated with theoretical drawings and images of actual buildings.


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Ideas that shaped buildings

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This book summarizes, in readable terms, 2000 years of "ideas that shaped buildings," or architectural theory, from the Roman Marcus Vitruvius Pollio to the modernist Robert Venturi and beyond. Hearn ... Read full review


Underpinnings Relevant to All Theory
Standards of Judgment and Design Justifications
The Uses of the Past
Conventions Theory before 1800
Evolving Rules for Formal Beauty
Breaking the Rules
The Orders and Architectural Spaces
Generative Planning as the Basis of Design
Honest Structure as the Framework of Design
Using Materials
Decoration and the Integrity of Design
Design of Cities
Convolutions Theory since 1965
New Directions in Design Method

Principles Theory from 1800 to 1965

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About the author (2003)

Fil Hearn is Professor of History of Art and Architecture and Director of Architectural Studies at the University of Pittsburgh.

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