Ideophones and Sound Symbolism in Atlantic Creoles, Volume 304
All the languages of the world feature some type of sound symbolism. This study deals with a specific type of expressive language, ideophones, the occurrence of which is a really determined. It aims at a prototype definition of ideophones in both the Atlantic creole languages and their African substrate languages. It is argued that the correspondences between African and creole ideophones are both functional and substantial. By consequence, the suggested etymologies may contribute to the debate on creole genesis.
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Abraham adstrate adverbs African languages African substrate languages Agheyisi Akebu Anglade Atlantic creoles Awoyale Bantu languages blow Bobangi Bollee Cassidy Chamoiseau Childs Christaller 1933 color terms completely creole ideophones creole languages Daelemann Doke drizzle Dyola Dzokanga Edo/Bini Efik Engl etyma etymology etymon falling into water Ferraz Fongbe Fyle & Jones Goldie Grebo guages GUYFC Hausa heavy fall Huttar Ibibio ideo ideophones of type Igbo Innes Kaufman Kihm KiKongo KiMbundu Kisi Krio Kriyol Laman Lingala listed Mandinka Maurer Megenney Mende nouns object falling onomatopoetic PCTG person phones phonological phonomimes Pidgin Portuguese-based quoted rapid movement rendering the sound Samarin Santos & Doneux Segurola semantic shining slap soft sound symbolism suddenly Swartenbroeckx 1973 Temne Tswana type 1 ideophone verb vowel Warner-Lewis werewere Westermann 1954 Whitehead 1899 Williamson 1972 Wolof word class Yoruba Zulu