If Eight Hours Seem Too Few: Mobilization of Women Workers in the Italian Rice Fields
This book is the first to present a vivid and accurate picture of the thousands of women who worked weeding the rice fields in northern Italy during the early part of the nineteenth century. It explores a wide range of issues including the political, economic, and social history of Italy; labor legislation; the role of the judicial system; the sexual division of labor; family structure; class conflict between the rural proletariat and the politically influential capitalist farmers; work-related diseases; internal migration of labor; and child labor.
The author provides penetrating insights into the Socialist Party's efforts to wrest women workers from the influence of the Catholic Church; the history of Italian feminism and the campaign for the vote; and finally, the workers' opposition to Italy's entrance into World War I. She analyzes the weeders' relations with labor organizers; their desire to preserve their autonomy; and their decisions regarding labor actions; and she highlights similarities between the weeders' experiences and those of other women workers and labor organizers in Europe and the U. S..
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The Formation of a Female Labor Force in the Rice Fields
The Early Stages of Mobilization Protest Actions Socialist Propaganda and the Weeders Response in 1901
The First Results of Mobilization
Years of Progress Years of Action 19036
Holding the Line 190710
Withstanding Agrarian Militancy and Wars 191115
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agrarian agricoltori agricultural agriculturalists anarchist Anna Kuliscioff April Atti Bologna Camera del lavoro Cantelli regulations capitalist carabinieri centesimi century chamber of labor communes congress Contadino contract Critica Sociale Cronache vercellesi Cugnolio deputies donne economic eight-hour day Emilia employers Faccini farm workers farmers federations Federterra feminist femminile FRAP Giolitti hired ibid Inchiesta Jacini industrial Italian Italy June La Risaia Lavoratore leaders leagues Lega legge legislation lire Lomellina Lotta di classe Luigi malaria male March migrant weeders migratory squads migratory weeders Milan monda mondariso mondine Mortara movimento Mozzoni nine-hour Novara Novarese Novelli and Sampietro organizations Ottobiano Pavia placement offices Plebe Po valley political proletariat protest Pugliese revolutionary rice belt rice farming rice fields rice growers risicoltura riso Rome rural San Germano Vercellese sciopero socialismo Socialist Party society Storia strike strikers struggle tion Tricerro Turati Umanitaria valley Vercellese Vercelli wages weeding women workday Zangheri
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Women, Gender and Labour Migration: Historical and Cultural Perspectives
No preview available - 2002