Ika Syntax, Issue 94
Ika is a Chibchan language spoken by some 7,000 persons in northeastern Colombia. This grammar was written from a typological/functional perspective, which was found to provide a good framework for writing broadly useful, descriptive grammars.
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Word Classes in
The Noun Phrase
Case Marking and Postpositional Phrases
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Abran action adjective adverbial affixes animacy aux-dist aux-med AUX-MED-WIT benefactive Bintukwa cert Chibchan Chibchan language Chinantec clause connectors cntr complement context contrast copula declarative mood deictic suffixes discourse eima embedded enclitic erg top Ergative marking event example genitive go-DisT grammatical guiadzina head noun hunting in?gui independent clause indicates interrogative intransitive verb involving jaguar Jose Juan kawa keiwi languages lexical verb Linguistics main verb marker medial modal suffix morpheme morpheme boundary morphophonemic motion verb mouga mule nAngua negative neika ngua future noun class noun phrase object prefixes occurs optional auxiliary verbs pari Pedro peri person plural possessor postposition pragmatic pronouns puma question word referenced relative clause restricting clause right^away second-person shotgun speaker split ergativity structure subject noun phrase syllable temporal Tracy transitive clauses tsua unmarked noun phrases usually verb phrase vowel yes/no question zero anaphora zoza-na