Images that Injure: Pictorial Stereotypes in the Media

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Paul Martin Lester, Susan Dente Ross
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 322 pages
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Images That Injure provides an examination of a particular set of pictures that do harm to others,and in turn to all of us. These images--media-promulgated stereotypes of various and diverse groups of people--cause harm in both direct and indirect ways by presenting oversimplified, mostly negative, and often deceptive depictions. In this collection of new and revised essays, noted scholars explore the ways in which these images are created, viewed, and ultimately ingrained into the American culture, examining newspapers, books, films, advertisements, commercials,television shows, magazines, and the Internet. Groups as diverse as African-Americans, women, the elderly, the physically disabled, gays and lesbians, and Jewish Americans are considered here; also included is a special section on post-9/11 stereotyping in the media. The specific examples presented in these pages provide a wealth of material for students and professionals in journalism, advertising, public relations, ethics, gender studies, and a great many other fields. The authors give thoughtful and creative conclusions concerning alternative representations--arguing that, contrary to what we might believe, media stereotyping is hardly a necessary byproduct of mass culture. Finally, these discussions illuminate how each of these media and each of us individually and collectively participate in a sea of meaning that is simultaneously personal and social, unique and shared, linked and independent.

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Contents

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Copyright

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Page 197 - I really believe that the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays and the lesbians who are actively trying to make that an alternative lifestyle, the ACLU, People For the American Way, all of them who have tried to secularize America. I point the finger in their face and say "you helped this happen.
Page 77 - With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, our security environment has undergone profound transformation.
Page 77 - It is only a slight overstatement to say that Muslims and Arabs are essentially covered, discussed, apprehended, either as oil suppliers or as potential terrorists. Very little of the detail, the human density, the passion of Arab-Muslim life has entered the awareness of even those people whose profession it is to report the Islamic world.
Page 45 - We take the stars from heaven, the red from our mother country, separating it by white stripes, thus showing that we have separated from her, and the white stripes shall go down to posterity representing liberty.
Page 37 - ... (I cannot reproduce the Winter Garden Photograph. It exists only for me. For you, it would be nothing but an indifferent picture, one of the thousand manifestations of the "ordinary...
Page 67 - We believe that the one God calls us to be peoples of peace. Nothing in our Holy Scriptures, nothing in our understanding of God's revelation, nothing that is Christian or Islamic justifies terrorist acts and disruption of millions of...
Page 70 - Naughty Oklahoma T-Shirts." The posting described the sale of shirts featuring offensive and tasteless slogans related to the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. Those interested in purchasing the shirts were instructed to call "Ken" at Zeran's home phone number in Seattle.
Page 30 - But, like any frame that delineates a world, the news frame may be considered problematic. The view through a window depends upon whether the window is large or small, has many panes or few, whether the glass is opaque or clear, whether the window faces a street or a backyard. The unfolding scene also depends upon where one stands, far or near, craning one's neck to the side, or gazing straight ahead, eyes parallel to the wall in which the window is encased. Ein „Frame...
Page 31 - The text contains frames, which are manifested by the presence or absence of certain keywords, stock phrases, stereotyped images, sources of information, and sentences that provide thematically reinforcing clusters of facts or judgments.

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About the author (2003)

PAUL MARTIN LESTER is Professor of Communications at California State University, Fullerton. He co-authors the monthly column Ethics Matters for News Photographer, the journal of the National Press Photographers Association. He has given keynote speeches, presentations, and workshops throughout the United States and in Australia, Canada, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and the Netherlands.

SUSAN DENTE ROSS is Associate Professor at the Edward R. Murrow School of Communication at Washington State University, where she directs the undergraduate program in Media and the Law. In addition to conducting research on media portrayals of minorities, she is a First Amendment scholar and the former head of the Law Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

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