Immigrant Education: Variations by Generation, Age-at-immigration, and Country of Origin
DebBurman studies the differences in education among immigrants: compared by generation, age-at-immigration, and country-of-origin. Educational attainment of adults and school enrollment among high school and pre-school children are evaluated using Becker's theories of human capital investment and demand for schooling. Second-generation adult immigrants have the highest level of schooling, exceeding that of both first-generation and U.S. born, while the first-generation possess the highest level of pre- and high school enrollment. Teenage immigrants complete fewer school years and are less likely enroll in high school. Hispanics and Blacks lag non-Hispanic Whites. This gap narrows with higher order immigrant generations among Hispanics, but widens among blacks. However, schooling differences by country-of-origin are more complex.
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Educational Attainment of Adult Immigrants
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1990 DEPENDENT VARIABLE 29 in Appendix adult immigrants Age Group 16 age-at analysis Asia n.e. based on column benchmark group Black Caribbean Central America Chiswick and Miller coefficients country-of-origin Cuba Current Population Survey defined in Table Dichotomous variable equal East Asia educational attainment English proficiency English-speaking countries ENROLLMENT AGE GROUP enrollment rates equal to unity Europe n.e. explanatory variables Father's education first-generation children first-generation immigrants foreign-born n.e. n.e. Hispanic Household income human capital immigrant children impact increases labor force participation language linguistic distance Male marginal effects Mexico Microdata Sample migration Mother works full-time Mother works part-time native-born adults native-parentage adults native-parentage children Non-MSA parental education percent Philippines pooled sample post-migration predicted probabilities preschool enrollment probability of enrollment probability of school Probit Estimates probit model Reference child Sample size SCHOOL ENROLLMENT AGE SECOND-GENERATION AND NATIVE-PARENTAGE second-generation immigrants significant South Asia Southern Europe specification column SUMMARY STATISTICS Table 29 teenagers Variable not entered