Immigrants and Cultural Adaptation in the American Workplace: A Study of Muslim Employees
Today's managers must deal with a wide variety of employee differences in ethnic backgrounds, values, lifestyles, and needs. This book presents a model of employee acculturation, investigating how Muslim employees adapt to U.S. national and organizational cultures The study investigates the relationships between respondents' acculturation patterns, their degree of religiosity, degree of collective or individual orientation, the extent of perceived discrepancies between their original cultures and U.S. organizational culture, and their national origin, examining demographic variables such as age, gender, education, occupation, and number of years lived and worked in the U.S Responses from 339 Muslims revealed that most were inclined to retain their original culture rather than adopting U.S. national culture. In contrast, most accepted U.S. organizational cultures. The analysis of the practical implications of these findings for business management highlights a number of practical strategies for copingwith an increasingly multicultural workforce (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Mississippi, 1993; revised with new preface, and index)
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AAC and ROC accept U.S. national accept U.S. organizational acceptance of U.S. acculturation patterns acculturation to U.S. Adjustment to U.S. alpha coefficient ANOVA Results Baek's scale Bartlett's test behaviors Canonical correlation Canonical Discriminant Functions canonical variate Categorical Demographic Variables collectivistic culture ROC Deculturation degree of collectivism-individualism degree of religiosity dimension discriminant analysis Eigenvalue ethnic Factor 1 Factor factor analysis gender Hofstede Hypothesis independent variables indicates individualistic integration Islamic loaded strongly managers measure minorities and immigrants minority group modes of acculturation Muslim employees national and organizational national culture AAC non-U.S. born organizational cultures AOC original culture original national culture original organizational cultures original scale patterns of acculturation place of birth Pooyan preferred mode Protestant work ethic questionnaire regression analysis respondents retain their original separation Table U.S national U.S. born Muslims U.S. culture U.S. national culture U.S. organizational cultures U.S. work culture variance willingness to accept willingness to retain