Immigration and Entrepreneurship: Culture, Capital, and Ethnic Networks

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Ivan Hubert Light, Parminder Bhachu
Transaction Publishers - Business & Economics - 381 pages
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Many nations invite foreigners to work within their borders, but few welcome them. Those countries that do receive a torrent of immigrants create pressures that analysts expect to intensify as population growth and social unrest mount in the less developed countries of the world. Immigration and Entrepreneurship, now in paperback, offers a comparative analysis of worldwide immigration issues while focusing more specifically on the emerging influence of entrepreneurship as a potent factor in the economic and social integration of immigrants. In linking the common immigrant and settler experiences with the upsurge in self-employment, the contributors to this volume use California as their base of comparison. The state has both a huge and varied immigrant population and an entrepreneurial economy that has facilitated the formation of immigrant-owned firms. The Los Angeles riots of the nineties indicated the volatility of the mix. Aided by ethnic and familial networks, such firms have served as a route of economic advancement. Immigration and Entrepreneurship offers a comparative perspective unique in the literature of immigration by broaching the topic from both global and local perspectives. Whereas most studies examine the experience of a single group or groups in a particular destination economy, this volume emphasizes variations in the way different nations receive immigrants as causes of differences in immigrant behavior. Among the innovative themes discussed by a range of international scholars are the entrepreneurial efforts and tensions in the garment industry in Los Angeles, Paris, and Berlin; Koreans' enterprise and identities in Los Angeles and Japan; and U.S. immigration policies. The result is a genuinely global methodology. Ivan Light is professor of sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of numerous articles and books on immigration, entrepreneurs, and urban sociology, including Ethnic Enterprise in America and Cities in World Perspective. Parminder Bhachu is professor of sociology at Clark University, a former Henry R. Luce professor of Cultural Identities and Global Processes, and was director of the Women's Studies program. She is the author of Twice Migrants and Dangerous Designs.

 

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Contents

Migration Networks and Immigrant Entrepreneurship
25
Asian and Latino Immigrants in the Los Angeles
51
Immigrants in Garment Production in Paris
75
Immigrant Entrepreneurs in Israel Canada
97
Immigrant Entrepreneurs in France
125
Occupations
141
Caste Class
163
Korean Immigrants in Los Angeles
185
Attitudes
205
Armenians in Los Angeles
243
Armenians in Moscow
259
Critical Issues in the U S Legal Immigration
279
New Zealands Immigration Policies
307
Mexican Immigrants in California Today
329
Index
373
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Page x - International, a research and consulting firm specializing in immigration, and a senior consultant on policy and research for the US Catholic conference. From 1980 to 1983, Dr. Papademetriou was the executive editor of the International Migration Review. He has taught International Political Economy and Comparative Public Policy at the University of Maryland, Duke University and the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research. Dr. Papademetriou has published extensively on the immigration...

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