Impact Assessment and Evaluation in Transportation Planning

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 31, 1994 - Business & Economics - 251 pages
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Impact Assessment and Evaluation in Transportation Planning contains a refreshing approach to transportation planning by integrating impact analysis and evaluation methodology. It is original in that impact assessment and evaluation are brought together in a coherent framework. It is novel in the history of transportation science and particularly suitable as a pedagogical text, since methodologies are illustrated with various case studies and examples. It is particularly suitable for practitioners and students who want to become acquainted with conflict analysis and plan/project evaluation in the area of transportation planning.
 

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Contents

TRANSPORTATION PLANNING A THEATRE OF OPERATIONS
3
12 The Climate of Opinion and a Search Agenda
4
13 The Menu of Operations and the Instruments Box
6
14 The Position of Transport
8
A Field in Motion
10
16 The Development Potential of Transportation Infrastructure
13
17 Transportation as a Source of Conflict
15
18 Organisation of the Book
19
83 Assessment of ERDF Impacts on Italian Regions
126
84 Assessment of ERDF Impacts on Dutch Regions
130
85 Concluding Remarks
133
AN EXPLANATORY IMPACT MODEL FOR ERDF EXPENDITURES AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
135
93 Results of the Model for Italy
137
94 Results of the Model for The Netherlands
141
95 Concluding Remarks
144
METHODOLOGY OF EVALUATION IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
145

NEED FOR DECISION SUPPORT IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
21
22 The Structure of Planning Problems
22
23 Decision Support Methods
25
24 Computerized Information Systems
30
IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
33
PRINCIPLES OF IMPACT ASSESSMENT
35
32 The Need for Impact Analysis
37
33 Elements of Impact Analysis
38
34 Caveats in Impact Analysis
40
35 Criteria for an Appropriate Impact Assessment
41
36 Impact Analysis in Transportation Infrastructure Planning
45
37 Concluding Remarks
49
A REVIEW OF IMPACT ANALYSIS METHODS
51
42 Micro Studies
53
422 Controlled experimentation
54
423 Quasiexperimentation
55
424 Nonexperimentation
56
432 Macro studies without an explicit model
57
433 Macro studies with an explicit model
62
4332 Multiequation models
66
BEHAVIOURAL IMPACT MODELS IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
71
52 Models as Replicas of the SpaceEconomy
73
53 Aggregate and Disaggregate Models
78
54 Categorical Spatial Data Analysis
80
55 Scenario Analysis for Uncertainty Analysis
82
56 Concluding Remarks
86
CASE STUDIES IN TRANSPORTATION IMPACT ANALYSIS
87
A MICROORIENTED INQUIRY AMONG ENTREPRENEURS ON REGIONAL IMPACTS OF INFRASTRUCTURE
89
63 The Regions under Study
91
631 Leiden and de Bollenstreek heartland
93
633 Twente peripheral zone
94
64 The Questionnaire
95
65 Results of the Study
97
66 Conclusions
100
INFRASTRUCTURE ENDOWMENT AND REGIONAL GROWTH POTENTIAL AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
103
72 Analytical Framework for the Contribution of Infrastructure to Regional Development
104
722 Regional infrastructure endowment
105
723 Classification of regions and infrastructure categories
106
73 Assessment of Infrastructure Indicators
107
74 Regional Infrastructure Endowment
110
75 Classification of Regions and Infrastructure
111
76 Impact Assessment of Infrastructure and Regional Development
117
77 Retrospect
120
IMPACTS OF INFRASTRUCTURE ON REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT RESULTS FROM A FREQUENCY ANALYSIS
123
82 Illustration of a Frequency Analysis
124
EVALUATION AND CONFLICT ANALYSIS IN PLANNING
147
102 Methods of Conflict Analysis in Evaluation
149
103 Elements of Evaluation
152
1032 Identification of alternatives
154
1033 Identification of conflicts
158
1034 Assessment of priorities
159
1035 Classification of evaluation problems
161
104 Interactive Evaluation Procedures
162
Retrospect and Prospect
164
A SURVEY OF MULTIPLE CRITERIA EVALUATION METHODS
169
112 Monetary Evaluation Methods
172
113 Multicriteria Evaluation Methods
173
114 Discrete Multiple Criteria Evaluation Models
174
1142 Quantitative information
175
1143 Qualitative information
177
115 Continuous Methods
180
1151 Quantitative information
181
1152 Qualitative information
182
116 Inductive versus Deductive Evaluation Approaches
183
117 Highway Planning in the Netherlands
185
1172 Project enumeration and classification
186
1173 Identification of judgement criteria
187
1175 Ranking of projects
188
1177 The use of multiple criteria methods in Dutch transportation planning
189
118 Outlook
190
A METHODOLOGY FOR SELECTING A TAILORMADE MULTIPLE CRITERIA METHOD IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
193
122 Characterisation of a Multidimensional Evaluation Problem
194
1222 The activity profile
196
1223 The effects
198
1224 The decision structure
199
123 Selection of an Evaluation Method
200
124 Conclusion
203
APPLICATIONS OF MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
205
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING AND HISTORICOCULTURAL HERITAGE AN APPLICATION OF A QUALITATIVE SIGN ANALYSIS
207
133 An Illustration of Frequency Analysis
209
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING AND QUALITATIVE INFORMATION AN APPLICATION OF REGIME ANALYSIS
213
142 Principles of the Regime Method
214
143 Appraisal of Urban Rail Investment Plans
218
144 Concluding Remarks
220
AIRPORT PLANNING AND FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION AN APPLICATION OF A NESTED REGIME METHOD
223
LOCATION OF PARKING FACILITIES IN A HISTORICAL TOWN AN EX POST MULTIPLE CRITERIA EVALUATION
231
162 Description of Alternative Locations and Evaluation Criteria
232
163 Retrospect
233
REFERENCES
235
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About the author (1994)

Professor Dr P. Nijkamp has received the 1996 Spinoza Award, an annual award to honour outstanding scientific merit and to stimulate innovative future research.

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