Impact Assessment in the EU: The State of the Art and the Art of the State
The importance of ex ante and ex post impact assessment in streamlining the regulatory environment and improving the legislative process has been stressed by scholars and testified to by international best practices. The potential benefits of regulatory impact assessment are also being rediscovered by EU officials, who lose no chance to recall that the Commission's ambitious "growth and jobs" strategy heavily depends on the pervasiveness of impact assessment in the regulatory process at EU and member state level. This study, conceived for scholars and policymakers, provides an overview of the state of the art on impact assessment. It focuses on the latest developments in the United States, UK, and EU, and presents a scorecard analysis of the Commission's extended impact assessments. The author concludes with a road map for improving the transparency, efficiency, and effectiveness of the EU Integrated Impact Assessment model.
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Impact Assessment Models
The polar star
111 The Reagan and Bush Sr Administrations
112 RIA under the Clinton Administration
113 RIA under George W Bush
114 US initiatives on administrative simplification
115 The USRIA model
212 Has the quality of ExIAs increased over time?
Towards a new European Impact Assessment?
Back to basics?
Can the IIA be improved? Roadmaps for the Years Ahead
31 Roadmap 1 Improving methodology and introducing costbenefit analysis
32 Roadmap 2 Understanding and applying proportionality
33 Roadmap 3 Sectorspecific impact assessment
34 Roadmap 4 Internal consistency and costeffectiveness
Main lessons for the EU debate
From light touch to limited touch regulation
121 The 2001 Regulatory Reform Act and the 2002 Regulatory Reform Action Plan
The 2005 Action Plan and the creation of the Better Regulation Executive
123 The UK RIA model
124 Main lessons from the UK experience
Panacea or Pandoras box?
The BIA system
132 The 2001 White Paper and the Mandelkern Report
Building the Integrated Impact Assessment
Putting EU Integrated Impact Assessment into Practice
21 How good is the Commission at impact assessment? An updated scorecard
211 Overall results of the scorecard
35 Roadmap 5 Increase the clarity of presentation
36 Roadmap 7 Strengthening ex post monitoring and evaluation tools
A new Koine dialectos?
38 Roadmap 9 Issue guidelines on competitivenessproofing and competition assessment
39 Roadmap 10 Create a regulatory watchdog
Conclusion Its a long way to Lisbon
List of ExIAs Analysed
List of Scorecard Items