Impact Assessment in the EU: The State of the Art and the Art of the State

Front Cover
CEPS, 2006 - History - 164 pages

The importance of ex ante and ex post impact assessment in streamlining the regulatory environment and improving the legislative process has been stressed by scholars and testified to by international best practices. The potential benefits of regulatory impact assessment are also being rediscovered by EU officials, who lose no chance to recall that the Commission's ambitious "growth and jobs" strategy heavily depends on the pervasiveness of impact assessment in the regulatory process at EU and member state level. This study, conceived for scholars and policymakers, provides an overview of the state of the art on impact assessment. It focuses on the latest developments in the United States, UK, and EU, and presents a scorecard analysis of the Commission's extended impact assessments. The author concludes with a road map for improving the transparency, efficiency, and effectiveness of the EU Integrated Impact Assessment model.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
Impact Assessment Models
7
The polar star
8
111 The Reagan and Bush Sr Administrations
10
112 RIA under the Clinton Administration
12
113 RIA under George W Bush
14
114 US initiatives on administrative simplification
16
115 The USRIA model
19
212 Has the quality of ExIAs increased over time?
66
Towards a new European Impact Assessment?
70
Back to basics?
75
Can the IIA be improved? Roadmaps for the Years Ahead
80
31 Roadmap 1 Improving methodology and introducing costbenefit analysis
83
32 Roadmap 2 Understanding and applying proportionality
91
33 Roadmap 3 Sectorspecific impact assessment
96
34 Roadmap 4 Internal consistency and costeffectiveness
101

Main lessons for the EU debate
22
From light touch to limited touch regulation
26
121 The 2001 Regulatory Reform Act and the 2002 Regulatory Reform Action Plan
31
The 2005 Action Plan and the creation of the Better Regulation Executive
33
123 The UK RIA model
38
124 Main lessons from the UK experience
39
Panacea or Pandoras box?
43
The BIA system
45
132 The 2001 White Paper and the Mandelkern Report
48
Building the Integrated Impact Assessment
52
Putting EU Integrated Impact Assessment into Practice
57
21 How good is the Commission at impact assessment? An updated scorecard
61
211 Overall results of the scorecard
62
35 Roadmap 5 Increase the clarity of presentation
103
36 Roadmap 7 Strengthening ex post monitoring and evaluation tools
106
A new Koine dialectos?
112
38 Roadmap 9 Issue guidelines on competitivenessproofing and competition assessment
119
39 Roadmap 10 Create a regulatory watchdog
124
Conclusion Its a long way to Lisbon
133
Selected References
136
List of ExIAs Analysed
149
List of Scorecard Items
155
Scorecard Results
158
Summary of Recommendations
162
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Andrea Renda is head of the Regulatory Affairs Program at CEPS, a lecturer at Luiss Guido Carli University of Rome, and coordinator of the European Network for Better Regulation.

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