Implementation of the Civil Justice Reform Act in Pilot and Comparison Districts
James S. Kakalik
RAND, 1996 - Law - 263 pages
The Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 (CJRA) required each federal district court to develop a case management plan to reduce costs and delay. The legislation also created a pilot program to test six principles of case management, and required an independent evaluation to assess their effects. This report is one of four documents describing the evaluation, which was conducted by RAND's Institute for Civil Justice. The report traces the stages in the CJRA implementation: the recommendations of the advisory groups, the plans adopted by the districts, and the plans actually implemented. The study found that all pilot districts complied with the statutory language of the act. But the amount of change varied widely, and in some districts, planned changes were not fully implemented. However, implementing the pilot plans may have heightened the consciousness of judges and lawyers and brought about some important implicit shifts in their approach to case management. See also MR-800-ICJ, MR-802-ICJ, and MR-803-ICJ.
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ADR program Advisory Group Recommendations advisory group report ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION amendments assessment assigned authority to bind certiﬁcation Civil Justice Reform CJ RA CJRA Plan Implementation CJRA POLICY Clerk Committee comparison districts cost and delay court-annexed criminal deadlines December 1993 revised Differences Between Plan differential case management discovery disputes DISCOVERY MOTION discussion disposition dispositive motions District Court docket EARLY AND ONGOING early neutral evaluation extensions or postponements ﬁle ﬁled ﬁling ﬁrst formal habeas corpus Implementation Approved Plan indicates initial pretrial conference interrogatories judicial ofﬁcer Justice Reform Act Kakalik lawyers magistrate judge Management Conference mediation program ment Neutral Evaluation program NY(E percent pilot and comparison pilot districts pilot program Plan and Advisory Plan and Implementation Plan Implementation Approved Policy Before CJRA pro se procedures referred requests Requiring that counsel Rule 16 conference scheduling conference scheduling order settlement conferences speciﬁc standard telephone at settlement types United States District voluntary