Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence
When is language considered 'impolite'? Is impolite language only used for anti-social purposes? Can impolite language be creative? What is the difference between 'impoliteness' and 'rudeness'? Grounded in naturally-occurring language data and drawing on findings from linguistic pragmatics and social psychology, Jonathan Culpeper provides a fascinating account of how impolite behaviour works. He examines not only its forms and functions but also people's understandings of it in both public and private contexts. He reveals, for example, the emotional consequences of impoliteness, how it shapes and is shaped by contexts, and how it is sometimes institutionalised. This book offers penetrating insights into a hitherto neglected and poorly understood phenomenon. It will be welcomed by students and researchers in linguistics and social psychology in particular.
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Face and social norms
Intentionality and emotions
3 Impoliteness metadiscourse
4 Conventionalised formulaic impoliteness and its intensification
Cotexts and contexts
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analysis Anne Robinson argue associated attitude banter brieﬂy chapter collocates communication conﬂict considered context conventional conventionalised impoliteness formulae creative Culpeper cultures deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult discourse discussed emotions Equity rights evaluative example expressions face-attack facework fact ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁts fuck gravity of offence Hadis identiﬁed ideologies implicatures impo impolite behaviour impoliteness events indirect inﬂuence informant insults intensiﬁed intentionality interaction interpretation involves kind Lancaster University language Leech linguistic Locher meaning metadiscourse metalanguage metalinguistic labels metapragmatic mismatch mock impoliteness negative non-verbal notion one’s particular people’s perceived person pragmatic prosody Quality face recruit training refer reﬂects role rude sarcasm schemata Section semantic signiﬁcant Simon Cowell situations social norms sociality rights sociopragmatics speaker speciﬁc speech acts Spencer-Oatey strategies symbolic violence taboo target Terkouraﬁ understanding utterance values verbally abusive verbally aggressive Watts Weakest Link weblog words