Imports and Politics: Trade Decision-making in Canada, 1968-1979
From the Executive Summary: This study of federal government trade decision-making focuses on the traditional concerns of commercial policy - tariffs and non-tariff barriers to imports...In contrast to many IRRP studies, this one does not specifically aspire to reform the trade decision-making process in Canada. Its more restricted purpose is to provide, as objectivelly as possible, a descriptive analysis of how trade decisions were made by the Trudeau government in the years 1968 to 1979. This empirical orientation is reflected in our testing of several well-known decision models against information gathered in interviews with politicians, public servants and private citizens. These decision models are outlined in Chapter One....Chapter Two consists of a description of the broad environment of trade decision-makers...It is intended primarily as backgroun for the uninitiated. The three chapters following analyze the roles of private groups and government institutions participating in the process off making trade policy....Chapter Six presents a case study using the various decision models as analytical tools. It deals with the imposition of quantitiative controls on "low cost" textiles and clothing imports...Chapter Seven summarizes the general features of trade decision-making in the Trudea government....Chapters Eight and Nine present a comparative analysis of decision-making in several trade policy "subsystems"....The study ends with a discussion of the frequency of and the conditions requisite to the functioning of the different decision models.
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DECISION MODELS AND THE ANALYSIS
5 The Individual Model
PROFILES OF TRADE POLICY ACTORS
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accommodation action actors Agreement Agriculture Anti-Dumping approach Association barriers Branch bureaucratic Cabinet Canada Canadian Chapter Clothing Board Committee concerned consultation Consumer controls coordination cost Council Customs decision-making departments Deputy developing countries differences Division domestic duties Economic example existing export External Affairs federal Finance foreign frequently function GATT given import increased individual industry influence injury institutions Interdepartmental Committee interest groups involved issues IT&C labour largely less liberalization limited List major manufacturing measures ment ministers Multilateral Trade negotiations November objectives officials Ottawa participation particularly party period phase political politique positions preferences pressure Prime probably problems protection protectionist provinces questions rates reason recommendations regional Relations represent responsibility role Round sector tariff tend Textile and Clothing tion trade decisions trade issues Trade Negotiations trade policy Trudeau United views