Imposing Wilderness: Struggles Over Livelihood and Nature Preservation in Africa

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University of California Press, 1998 - Nature - 256 pages
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Arusha National Park in northern Tanzania, known for its scenic beauty, is also a battleground. Roderick Neumann's illuminating analysis shows how this park embodies all the political-ecological dilemmas facing protected areas throughout Africa. The roots of the ongoing struggle between the park on Mount Meru and the neighboring Meru peasant communities go much deeper, in Neumann's view, than the issues of poverty, population growth, and ignorance usually cited. These conflicts reflect differences that go back to the beginning of colonial rule. By imposing a European ideal of pristine wilderness, Neumann says, the establishment of national parks and protected areas displaced African meanings as well as material access to the land. He focuses on the symbolic importance of natural landscapes among various social groups in this setting and how it relates to conflicts between peasant communities and the state.
 

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Contents

Landscapes of Nature Terrains of Resistance
15
2
29
Political and Moral Economy on Mount Meru
51
State Seizure
97
Patterns of Predation at Arusha National Park
157
Milage Moral Economy and the New Colonialism
174
EPILOGUE
207
NOTES
213
LITERATURE CITED
231
INDEX
245
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Page 242 - Colonies, arranged by the Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of the Empire, one of the most active and successful bodies engaged in arousing public opinion on the subject.

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About the author (1998)

Roderick P. Neumann is Associate Professor in the International Relations Department at Florida International University.

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