Improving on-the-job training: how to establish and operate a comprehensive OJT program

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Jossey-Bass, Aug 16, 1994 - Business & Economics - 162 pages
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According to estimates by the American Society for Training and Development, employers each year spend between $90 and $180 billion on on-the-job training (OJT) - between three and six times more than what is spent on classroom training. Professional trainers recognize that as time becomes a critical strategic resource, "just-in-time training" - training provided during real time on the job - is proving to be the most effective means of facilitating learning in the workplace. Yet in many organizations, OJT is typically left to the devices of supervisors, executives, and other well-intentioned co-workers who lack the necessary skills to plan and execute it successfully. Improving On-the-Job Training offers a complete, step-by-step action guide to establishing or improving a comprehensive on-the-job training program - in all job categories in any occupation or industry. This book can be used both to improve one-on-one OJT conducted by supervisors and as a reference guide for performance specialists and instructional designers. It goes far beyond a simple description of what OJT is, to explore key management and organizational issues and to help improve employee performance and increase an organization's profitability. Drawing on extensive research that included a survey of five hundred members of the American Society for Training and Development, William J. Rothwell and H. C. Kazanas - both experienced trainers, teachers, consultants, and authors - offer detailed guidance on managing the entire OJT effort, from identifying goals to evaluating OJT's impact on the organization. Using thirty-five illustrative tables, figures, and exhibits, they explained their DAPPER OJT process, showing howto: Discover needs for planned OJT; Analyze work, worker and workplace for OJT; Prepare planned OJT; Present planned OJT; Evaluate the results of OJT; and Review aids to planned OJT. They also offer practical alternatives to OJT to ensure the right mix of performance interventions. The authors provide a wealth of practical, ready-to use materials designed to show how to apply the principles discussed in the book, including checklists, sample forms, charts, workshop outlines for in-house training of both OJT learners and OJT trainers, a glossary of key terms, a bibliography of other source materials on OJT, reference lists of research study results, and more.

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From Identifying Goals
Ensuring Sound Management and Consistent Results
Preparing Trainers and Learners

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About the author (1994)

WILLIAM J. ROTHWELL is associate professor in The Department of Adult Education, Instructional Systems, and Workforce Education and Development at The Pennsylvania State University. He is the coauthor of Improving On-the-Job Training (1994) and Mastering the Instructional Design Process (1992), both from Jossey-Bass. H. C. KAZANAS is professor of education in the College of Education at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Rothwell and Kazanas are coauthors of Human Resource Development: A Strategic Approach (1994), /IPlanning and Managing Human Resources (1994), The Complete AMA Guide to Management Development (1993), and Mastering the Instructional Design Process (Jossey-Bass, 1992). (Jossey-Bass, 1992), Planning and Managing Human Resources (1994), and Human Resource Development: A Strategic Approach.

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