Improving the Characterization Program for Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

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National Academies Press, Feb 15, 2004 - Science - 144 pages
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As operational experience is gained in the disposal of transuranic waste from nuclear weapons facilities at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, the Department of Energy (DOE) has opportunities to change how it ‚€œcharacterizes‚€ waste to confirm that it is appropriate for shipment to and disposal at the underground repository. The waste shipped to the facility includes gloves, rags, tools, and other debris or dried sludge that has been contaminated by radioactive elements, including plutonium, during production or cleanup activities in the DOE weapons complex. However, before the DOE seeks regulatory approval for changes to its characterization program, the agency should conduct and publish a systematic and quantitative assessment to show that the proposed changes would not affect the protection of workers, the public, or the environment, according to the committee. The assessment should take into account technical factors, societal and regulatory impacts, and the time and effort required to make the changes.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
7
2 Transuranic Waste Inventories
18
3 Regulatory and Policy Framework for Waste Characterization
27
4 Transuranic Waste Characterization Program
39
5 A Framework for Evaluating Waste Characterization Activities
58
6 Findings and Recommendations
74
References
82
B InformationGathering Meetings
91
C CharacterizationRelated Requirements in WIPP Regulatory Documents
94
D Transportation Package Requirements Affecting Waste Characterization
103
E Health and Safety Issues in Waste Characterization
110
F Risk Considerations
116
Glossary
119
Acronyms
130
Copyright

A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
87

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