Improving the Characterization and Treatment of Radioactive Wastes for the Department of Energy's Accelerated Site Cleanup Program

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National Academies Press, Jan 6, 2005 - Science - 84 pages
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The Department of Energy‚€™s Office of Environmental Management (EM) directs the massive cleanup of more than 100 sites that were involved in the production of nuclear weapons materials during the Manhattan Project and the Cold War. This report offers suggestions for more effectively characterizing and treating the orphan and special-case wastes that are part of EM‚€™s accelerated cleanup program. It identifies technical opportunities for EM to improve the program that will save time and money without compromising health and safety. The opportunities identified include: making more effective use of existing facilities and capabilities for waste characterization, treatment, or disposal; eliminating self-imposed requirements that have no clear technical or safety basis; and investing in new technologies to improve existing treatment and characterization capabilities. For example, the report suggests that EM work with DOE classification officers to declassify, to the extent possible, classified materials declared as wastes. The report also suggests a new approach for treating the wastes that EM will leave in place after cleanup.

 

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Contents

Synopsis
1
Executive Summary
3
1 Introduction
12
2 Administrative Opportunities
19
3 Facilities and Technologies
28
4 ManageinPlace Technologies
44
References
56
Appendices
61
Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
65
Appendix C Acronyms
70
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Page 8 - Substances Control Act (TSCA) incinerator at Oak Ridge • H-Canyon at Savannah River • T-Plant at Hanford • High-level waste...
Page iv - ... OF ENERGY PROJECT MANAGEMENT KENNETH F. REINSCHMIDT, Chair, Texas A&M University, College Station DON JEFFREY BOSTOCK, Lockheed Martin Energy Systems (retired), Oak Ridge, Tennessee DONALD A. BRAND, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (retired), Novato, California ALLAN V. BURMAN, Jefferson Solutions, Washington, DC LLOYD A. DUSCHA, US Army Corps of Engineers (retired), Reston, Virginia G. BRIAN ESTES, Consulting Engineer, Williamsburg, Virginia DAVID N. FORD, Texas A&M University, College Station...

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