Improving the Targeting of Social Programs in Ghana
World Bank Publications, Oct 1, 2012 - Business & Economics - 176 pages
This study provides a diagnostic of the benefit incidence and targeting performance of a large number of social programs in Ghana. Both broad-based programs (such as spending for education and health, and subsidies for food, oil-related products and electricity) as well as targetd programs (such as LEAP, the indigent exemption under the NHIS, school lunches and uniforms, or fertilizer subsidies) are considered. In addition, the study provides tools and recommendations for better targeting of those programs in the future. The tools include new maps and data sets for geographic targeting according to poverty and food security, as well as ways to implement proxy means-testing. The purpose of this introductory chapter is to provide a brief synthesis of the key findings and messages from the study.
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administrative costs allocated assess beneﬁt incidence beneﬁts accruing better targeted budget caloric intake CCTs chapter conditional cash transfers connection subsidies consumption subsidies countries CWIQ survey deﬁned difﬁcult distribution district level electricity eligibility employment ﬁgure ﬁrst food insecurity free school uniforms funding geographic targeting Ghana GLSS GLSS5 data higher food prices household survey impact on poverty implemented income increase individuals junior secondary leakage LEAP’s lower NHIS nonpoor NYEP percent poor households population potential beneﬁciaries potential impact poverty headcount poverty line poverty map poverty measures poverty reduction predicted primary school proxy means-testing quintile reach the poor reduce region rice Rural scheme school feeding school lunches Senegal share of beneﬁts share of total simulations social programs Source speciﬁc SSNIT substitution effects Table targeting mechanisms targeting performance tax cuts unit costs Upper West region urban wage workfare World Bank youth