Impurity and Death: A Japanese Perspective
Personal impurity caused by childbirth, menstrual blood or death is an issue of concern prevalent in many cultures. In Japan, the generic term for these kinds of impurities is kegare and death impurity, a sub-type of kegare, is known as shi-e. The major topic of this book is death impurity. The definition and genesis of shi-e are explained. In addition, details of the influence shi-e had on ancient Japanese society as well as its continuing influence on modern Japanese society are given. Three hypotheses are stated and supported: (1) the shi-e concept began in Japan during the Yayoi period (300 BC - 300 AD) rather than at a later date as previously hypothesized; (2) the basis for the aversion to dead bodies, i.e. shi-e, is that corpses remind people of the fact that they will soon die; (3) Buddhism and Shintoism merged in Japan because of the impact of shi-e on Shintoism. This book concludes with some comments on the relevance of knowledge of the death impurity for students of Japanese history, culture and society.
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Kegare and Shie Definitions
Relationship between Shie and Japanese Religions
The Origin of the Kegare Concept
42 The Origin of the Kegare Concept
Shie and Its Further Impact on Ancient Japanese Society
72 Changing Capital Cities and the Influence of Shie
73 Shie and the Abolition of the Death Penalty
74 Shie and the Emergence of the Samurai Warriors
The Influence of Shie on Japanese Society from the Edo Period to the Present
82 Shie in Japan Today
Shie and the Burakumin Past and Present
92 Some Hypotheses about the Origin of the Burakumin
The Dates When the Shie Concept Began
52 The Shie Concept in the Yayoi period
History of Shie Concept
62 Modification of the Shie Concept during the Asuka and Nara Periods
63 Development of the Shie Concept during the Heian Period
Amaterasu Ameno-wakahiko ancient Japanese society animals Asuka and Nara Asuka period became Buddha Buddhist school burakumin community capital city century B.C. childbirth impurity clan concept of shi-e contaminated contemporary Japanese society corpses cremation dead death impurity death penalty discrimination Douglas Edo government Edo period Emperor Chuuai emperor or empress Emperor Tenmu emperors and noblemen Engishiki Fujiwara Michinaga fusessyoo-kai Heian period hypothesis Imperial Funeral Style Imperial Palace Japan Joomon period kami kegare concept Kojiki Koomoto Kyoto Kyushu ln addition ln Chapter ln other words lnoue lzanagi lzawa Mikkyoo military power misogi Miyata mogari Monmu Mononobe clan Murakami Nara periods Note Number Okiura Onmyoo-doo Onmyoo-ji person polluted with shi-e prince religion Saitoo samurai warriors Sekine shi-e and kegare shi-e concept Shintoism Shintoism and Buddhism Shogun Shootoku Sobakari Soga clan symbol/metaphor of going temple third century Tokyo Tsuchida Tsugita Tsujimoto type of kegare unclean women Yamamoto Yamato dynasty Yayoi period Yomi-no-kuni
Page 1 - ... guilty. 3 Or if he touches human uncleanness, of whatever sort the uncleanness may be with which one becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, when he comes to know it he shall be guilty.