In Deeper Waters: Photographic Studies of Hawaiian Deep-Sea Habitats and Life-Forms
Thousands of meters beneath the surface of Hawaii's warm, sunlit waters lies the vast Hawaiian Ridge, a dark, cold region more than 2,600 kilometers in length. Its undersea mountains, sediment plains, lava flows, and volcanic vent fields are home to a variety of unusual deep-sea organisms. Since 1965 the ridge's unique geological features and animal communities have been studied with the aid of submersibles. This illustrated volume describes 200 animals and geological formations photographed and collected by the University of Hawaii's HURL (Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory) submersibles around the Hawaiian Islands, Cross Seamount, Loihi Volcano, and Johnston Atoll. The complexity of relationships and variety of Hawaii's deep-sea fauna are discussed in non-technical language as are submersible operations and factors influencing the geology and biology of various Hawaii locations. An extensive bibliography and table summarizing the abundance, substrate, and location of each animal are included. In Deeper Waters is a valuable record for the professional and amateur marine biologist and geologist alike and adds substantially to our knowledge of deep-sea floor features and the distribution and behavior of their inhabitants.
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2,ono meters 2o cm 2oanthids 3o cm 4no meters anemone animals basalt basslet benthic bioluminescent black coral bottom brittle stars Chave cnidarians collected colonies coral reefs crab crevices crinoids Cross Seamount crust crustaceans Decapoda deep-sea Devaney eels eroded limestone Figure fins fishes galatheid geological glass sponges goosefish gorgonian Grigg H.M.S. Challenger hard substrates Hawaiian Archipelago Hawaiian Islands Honolulu inhabit Iohnston Atoll Iournal island of Hawai'i lava flows ledge limestone limestone bench live at depths Lo'ihi Makali'i Makapu'u Malahoff Marine McMurtry midwater Moore Narella O'ahu observed octopus outcrops Pacific Science photographs pillow lava Pisces polyps prawn precious corals primnoid rakefish Research sand sandy areas Scheuer sea cucumber sea pens sea star sediment sediment plains shallow water shallow-water shark shells shrimp skeletons slopes snappers species spicules Spiderfishes spines sponges fig submarine submersible submersible's swim talus tube University of Hawai'i vent volcano