In Desperate Straits: Human Rights in Peru After a Decade of Democracy and Insurgency
And recommendations -- The sources and scope of violence in Peru -- The judiciary -- Penal conditions -- Congressional investigations of human rights abuses.
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accused activity Americas Watch APRA April Apurimac Arciniega areas armed forces army and police Army Gen arrested Ashaninka assassinated authorities Ayacucho Belaunde Bernales Commission Bustios campesino Canto Cayara civilian coca cocaleros Comando Rodrigo Franco COMISEDH communities counterinsurgency dead deaths defense Derechos Humanos detained detention disappeared drug economic emergency zone Escobar Espiral de Violencia executions Garcia government government's guards Huallaga river Huamanga Huancavelica Huancayo Huanuco human rights abuses human rights monitors human rights organizations human rights violations inmates insurgency investigation June Junin killed leaders Leoncio Prado province Lima Lurigancho massacre Mazamari Melgar military aid military courts MRTA murdered National Naylamp paramilitary paramilitary groups peasants Peru's Peruvian military Pichis River Political-Military Command population President programs prosecution prosecutor protection province raided responsible rondas campesinas ronderos rural security-related prisoners self-defense patrols Sendero Luminoso strategy subversives terrorism terrorist threats torture traffickers U.S. officials Ucayali Uchiza Upper Huallaga victims wounded Yaneshas
Page 53 - To this end the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons : (a) violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture ; (b) taking of hostages ; (c) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment ; (d) the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted...
Page 102 - Act, shall be used to provide training or advice, or provide any financial support, for police, prisons, or other law enforcement forces for any foreign government or any program of internal intelligence or surveillance on behalf of any foreign government within the United States or abroad.
Page 53 - Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of the armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall in all circumstances be treated humanely...
Page 53 - Article 3 stipulate that persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of the armed forces who have laid down their arms or have been placed hors de combat for any reason, shall be treated humanely in all circumstances.
Page 65 - There is little oversight of military activities in the emergency zones by civilian judges or prosecutors, and the constitutional rights of persons detained by the military are routinely ignored."47 The model for emergency authority in Peru is the PoliticalMilitary Command first established in Ayacucho.
Page 53 - The application of Common Article 3 does not affect the legal status of parties to a conflict, and Americas Watch, in applying this standard, does not confer any special status on the insurgent forces in Peru. Both Sendero Luminoso and the Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru (MRTA) have violated Common Article 3. Sendero has done so with remarkable consistency and cruelty, killing many more civilians in cold blood than enemy soldiers in combat, conducting ritual "people's trials...
Page 21 - ... religious services of their own faith at the embassy or legation provided they do not do so flamboyantly; the right to travel unmolested — if admitted at all — through third states to their destination; and the right to exemption from customs duties for goods used or consumed by diplomatic personnel. There is some question as to whether all of these can be properly termed "rights...
Page 92 - Dr. Coqui Samuel Huamani Sanchez, a lawyer and director of the Comite de Derechos Humanos (CODEH) in Cerro de Pasco, a community-based organization, was found dead on August 23, 1989, some hours after being seized in his home by armed men believed to be members of the security forces. He was the first human rights activist killed in the region.
Page 101 - Where the insurgency and the drug traffickers are inextricably bound together, we have to deal with them together. . . . We have an interest in helping them [the Peruvian military] fight that...
Page 95 - Peruvian government, as well as an urgent request to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to issue similar preventive measures. On June 5, 1990, the President of the Court, Hector Fix Zamudio of Mexico, ordered Peru to protect the lives of the witnesses and to refrain from actions against them. A court hearing was set for August 7, 1990 in San Jose, Costa Rica, to hear all parties on the issue of appropriate precautionary measures while the case is being processed.