In Place of the Forest: Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula
H. C. Brookfield, Universidad de las Naciones Unidas, Professor Research School of Pacific Studies Harold Brookfield, Yvonne Byron, Lesley M. Potter
United Nations University Press, 1995 - 310페이지
This book describes the course of the modern transformation of Borneo and the eastern side of the Malay Peninsula, an area considered to be "environmentally critical" because of the massive deforestation that has taken place since the 1960s. The book begins with a description of the natural environment and its dynamics, and then reviews the considerable changes that occurred before the modern period. Against this background, the authors examine the changes since World War II and, in the course of several chapters, analyse the question of possible environmental endangerment in relation to the timber-based industries, bio-diversity, transmigrants and other settlers, the indigenous shifting cultivators, possible consequences of deforestation for global warming, and the townspeople who now form a significant part of the population. Drought and fire, and the creation of grasslands are also topics of discussion.
The conclusions are mixed, and indicate that the greatest dangers arise from national policies that continue to treat this region as a"resource frontier" despite the growing resource scarcity.
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activities agricultural already areas Asia become Borneo cause cent Central century chapter Chinese clear close coast considerable continued countries created criticality crops Dayak decline degradation described discussed drought early East Kalimantan eastern economic effect environment environmental especially established estates estimated existing exports farmers fields fire followed forest further global grassland groups growing growth human impact important income increase Indonesia industry inland land late least less levels logging mainly major Malay Malaysia means million mining natural noted Peninsula period plans plantation planted Pleistocene population poverty present pressure problems production range recent region remain reported rice rivers rubber rural Sabah Sarawak season settlement shifting cultivation significant soil sources South studies sustainable swamp timber trees tropical urban valley villages West western whole
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143 페이지 - The vital role of all types of forests in maintaining the ecological processes and balance at the local, national, regional and global levels through, inter alia, their role in protecting fragile ecosystems, watersheds and freshwater resources and as rich storehouses of biodiversity and biological resources and sources of genetic material for biotechnology products, as well as photosynthesis, should be recognized.
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