In Search of Dreams: Results of Experimental Dream Research

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SUNY Press, 1996 - Dream interpretation - 252 pages
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A scientifically sound and thoroughly comprehensible account of what laboratory study has revealed about dreams and dreaming.

This book presents an overview of the methods and results of laboratory dream research: the collection of dreams under various conditions; different methods of dream evaluation; physiological and psychological factors of dream recall; memory sources of dreams; and dreams in different sleep stages.

The main focus is to describe the phenomenology of dreams. What are the common features of dreaming with regard to images, thoughts, and emotions? Where does the dream take place and who enters the dream "theatre"? In what kinds of scenarios do dreamers find themselves?

The authors' evidence is based on dreams collected in their sleep laboratory. Results of analysis of 500 REM dreams are discussed with reference to sex differences, children's dreams, and waking antasies.
 

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Contents

An Approach to the Subject of Dreams
1
What Features Make Dreams Particularly Interesting?
2
Defining a Dream
3
Avenues to the Dream
6
Historical Development of Dream Research
8
Methods of Dream Sampling
15
Collecting Spontaneously Remembered Dreams
16
Eliciting Dreams by Awakening
18
The Bizarre in Dreams
95
The Content of Dreams
105
The Role of the Dreamer
114
Dream Scenarios
119
Dreams in Different Sleep Stages
131
NonREM Dreaming
135
REM Dreams
141
Similarities and Differences
149

Dreams Collected in the Laboratory
19
Experimental Impact on Dreams
31
Methods of Dream Evaluation
33
Evaluating Formal Dream Characteristics
34
Determining Content and Qualitative Dream Attributes
40
Reliability of Dream Evaluation
50
Recalling Dreams
53
Physiological Elements of Dream Recall
57
Psychological Elements of Dream Memory
61
Qualities of Dream Memory
67
Complexity of Dream Memory
73
The Language of Dreams
77
Thinking in Dreams
84
Emotions in Dreams
87
Sources of Dreams
157
Temporal References in Dreams
158
Impact of PreSleep Experiences on the Dream
166
Stimulus Incorporation into Dreams
176
Dreamers and their Worlds
181
Female and Male Dreams
194
Dreams and Waking A Continuity
205
Waking Fantasies and Dreams
217
Individual Continuity
225
In Search of Dreams A Summing Up
229
Bibliography
243
Index
249
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About the author (1996)

Inge Strauch and Barbara Meier are at the Psychologisches Institut der Universitat Zurich in Switzerland.


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