In Search of Refuge: Jews and US Consuls in Nazi Germany, 1933-1941
Against the background of antisemitism among the general American public, and specifically in the U.S. State Department, focuses on the role of American consuls in Europe, concluding that their own latent and overt antisemitism was largely responsible for their withholding visas to the U.S. from Jews more than from non-Jews, regardless of the formers' immeasurably more difficult position in Germany. Thus, antisemitism is linked to the restrictive U.S. immigration policy during the 1930s and early 1940s. One of the prime examples of such consuls was George Messersmith (Consul-General in Berlin and later Assistant Secretary of State), who American Jews wrongly considered to favor Jewish immigration. While some consuls were apparently carrying out the will of their superiors, they were also doing what they believed was right for America.
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Nazi AntiJewish Policy and Jewish Emigration
Antisemitism The American Scene
Immigration Laws and Regulations
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