In Situ Bioremediation: When Does it Work?

Front Cover
National Academies Press, Feb 1, 1993 - Science - 224 pages
0 Reviews

In situ bioremediation--the use of microorganisms for on-site removal of contaminants--is potentially cheaper, faster, and safer than conventional cleanup methods. But in situ bioremediation is also clouded in uncertainty, controversy, and mistrust.
This volume from the National Research Council provides direction for decisionmakers and offers detailed and readable explanations of

  • the processes involved in in situ bioremediation,
  • circumstances in which it is best used, and
  • methods of measurement, field testing, and modeling to evaluate the results of bioremediation projects.

Bioremediation experts representing academic research, field practice, regulation, and industry provide accessible information and case examples; they explore how in situ bioremediation works, how it has developed since its first commercial use in 1972, and what research and education efforts are recommended for the future. The volume includes a series of perspective papers.
The book will be immediately useful to policymakers, regulators, bioremediation practitioners and purchasers, environmental groups, concerned citizens, faculty, and students.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
BACKGROUND PAPERS 97
INTRODUCTION 12
Site Characteristics that Favor In Situ Bioremediation 40
THE CURRENT PRACTICE OF BIOREMEDIATION 47
EVALUATING IN SITU BIOREMEDIATION 63
Proving Intrinsic Bioremediation of a Spill at a Natural Gas 86
APPENDIXES 185
B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff 195
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

abiotic aerobic air sparging anaerobic anaerobic respiration aquifer aromatic bacteria benzene biodegradation biodegradation rates biological bioremediation project bioremediation system biostimulation BTEX BTEX compounds cell chemical chlorinated chlorinated solvents circulation cleanup technologies cometabolism conservative tracers contaminant concentrations contaminant loss contaminant's cores crude oil degrade the contaminant electron acceptor electron donor engineered bioremediation Environmental evaluating bioremediation evidence example gasoline ground water halogenated http://www.nap.edu/catalog/2131.html EVALUATING http://www.nap.edu/catalog/2131.html PRINCIPLES http://www.nap.edu/catalog/2131.html TESTING BIOREMEDIATION http://www.nap.edu/catalog/2131.html THE CURRENT hydrogen peroxide increase infiltration gallery injection inorganic carbon INSITU BIOREMEDIATION intrinsic bioremediation laboratory limited material metabolism methane methods microbial microbial growth microbial populations Microbiology microorganisms monitoring native microbes nitrate nonaqueous-phase nutrients occurring organic compounds organic contaminants oxidation PCBs petroleum hydrocarbons pollutant potential PRACTICE OF BIOREMEDIATION PRINCIPLES OF BIOREMEDIATION pump-and-treat reactions reduced remediation removal requires samples soil sparging spill stimulate strategy substrates subsurface successful bioremediation supply techniques toluene total petroleum hydrocarbons transport trichloroethylene types water table zone

Bibliographic information