In Situ Bioremediation: When Does it Work?

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National Academies Press, Jan 15, 1993 - Science - 198 pages
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In situ bioremediation--the use of microorganisms for on-site removal of contaminants--is potentially cheaper, faster, and safer than conventional cleanup methods. But in situ bioremediation is also clouded in uncertainty, controversy, and mistrust.
This volume from the National Research Council provides direction for decisionmakers and offers detailed and readable explanations of
  • the processes involved in in situ bioremediation,
  • circumstances in which it is best used, and
  • methods of measurement, field testing, and modeling to evaluate the results of bioremediation projects.
Bioremediation experts representing academic research, field practice, regulation, and industry provide accessible information and case examples; they explore how in situ bioremediation works, how it has developed since its first commercial use in 1972, and what research and education efforts are recommended for the future. The volume includes a series of perspective papers.
The book will be immediately useful to policymakers, regulators, bioremediation practitioners and purchasers, environmental groups, concerned citizens, faculty, and students.
 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
12
2 Principles of Bioremediation
16
3 The Current Practice of Bioremediation
47
4 Evaluating In Situ Bioremediation
63
5 Future Prospects for Bioremediation
91
Background Papers
97
Appendixes
185
Index
199
Other Recent Reports of the Water Science and Technology Board
208
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