In the Aftermath of Catastrophe: Founding Judaism 70-640
Neusner argues that the Judaism that emerged in late antiquity experimented with solutions to a critical and enduring issue of culture that continues to engage humanity - the crisis provoked by calamity. Exemplified in our time by the German war against the Jews from 1933-1945, in antiquity calamity took the form of the destruction in 70 C.E. of the Temple of Jerusalem and the cessation of its sacrifices, putting an end to the cultic calendar by which people had measured the passage of time in the heavens and maintained their relationship with God on earth. Resolution of this crisis required a radical solution, the reversion to prophecy, which had as a consequence restoration of world order Judaism as we know it responded then and continues to respond now to the paramount problem of that day and ours - the end of the old order and the advent of the new.
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9th of Ab Abraham Aggadic ancient Aqiba atonement Babylonia Bar Kokhba Bavli binic blessed category-formations century Christian comes context counterpart covenant cult destruction doctrine documents earth encompassing enduring eternal event of 70 fathers framers Genesis Rabbah gentiles God’s Halakhah Halakhic happened heaven history of Israel Holy Hurban Israel’s history Israelite issues Jacob Jeremiah Jerusalem Jews Judah Judaic king kingdom Land of Israel late antiquity law codes lessons man’s matter Messiah Mish Mishnah Mishnah-tractate Moses narrative nations patriarchs pattern present priests prophecy Prophetic-Rabbinic Judaism prophets punishment Qumran Rabban Yohanan Rabbinic canon Rabbinic Judaism Rabbinic sages Rabbinic system recapitulation refers repentance response restoration rites Rome rules sacrifice salvation sanctification says the Lord Scripture Scripture’s Second Temple sins social order statement story systematic Taanit Talmud theology things tion topics Torah Tosefta tractate traits unique verse writings Yerushalmi Yohanan ben Zakkai Zebahim