In the Shadow of Slavery: Africa's Botanical Legacy in the Atlantic World

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University of California Press, Feb 1, 2011 - Social Science - 280 pages
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"This book offers something truly new and profound about the Black Atlantic: a glimpse of the presence of African foods, plants, and bodies of everyday knowledge that define Africa's subtle but persistent presence in the Atlantic World and beyond. Food, survival, and human ingenuity. Great stuff."James C. McCann, author of Maize and Grace: Africa's Encounter with a New World Crop
Today, many people are thinking differently, and more deeply, about food, slavery, and globalization. No one can connect these diverse topics more effectively than Judith Carney. Building on her pioneering study, Black Rice, Carney's absorbing new bookcoauthored with Richard Nicholas Rosomoffis original, wide-ranging, and provocative. Like a bountiful African gourd vine, this remarkable overview spreads in many directions and bears impressive fruit. Peter H. Wood, author of Strange New Land: Africans in Colonial America
"In this highly original study, Judith Carney deliberately bypasses the huge (and hugely cruel) investment of slave labor power in the direct production of planter wealth. She offers in its place the less familiar chronicle of slave subsistence, and uncovers the essential role that African agricultural history had played in establishing and sustaining it. In the Shadow of Slavery goes back to Mother Africa, to shed new light on the Old World's part in the building of the New."Sidney W. Mintz, author of Sweetness & Power and Three Ancient Colonies (forthcoming)
"Judith Carney has written a brilliant green history of the Black Atlantic, illuminating in creative, path-blazing ways the globalization of the magnificent African commons."Marcus Rediker, author of The Slave Ship: A Human History
In the Shadow of Slavery unveils an epic saga of global foodways involving African peoples and their African-American descendants. The authors brilliantly craft the historical and geographic story of the stuggle to ensure the survival of their cultural-natural heritage, and the evolution of that heritage in the trans-Atlantic agrarian landscapes. Karl S. Zimmerer, editor of Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation
"A fresh look at the African diaspora's far-reaching consequences by examining its effects on subsistence foods on both sides of the Atlantic. Carney provides a new understanding of the contributions that enslaved Africans made to American culture. An outstanding work."Gail E. Wagner, University of South Carolina
"Following on the heels of her magnificent book Black Rice, Judith Carney delves deeper into the invisible history of the Black Atlantic's foodways. She provides nothing less than a radical re-reading of the role of Africans in shaping not simply New World agrarian systems but the ways in which food was processed, how animals were reared, husbanded and tended, and how African knowledge and practice contributed to the global table. In the Shadow of Slavery is a remarkable narrative achievement, a rich account of endurance, innovation, survival, travel and historical memory nourished not so much on the estates and plantations as on the slave plots, and in the hearths and kitchens of those who survived the Middle Passage. A tour de force."Michael Watts, editor of Curse Of The Black Gold: 50 Years of Oil in the Niger Delta
In this brilliant book, Judith Carney charts the diaspora of African flora that resulted largely as an unintended consequence of the forced migration of Africans from the Old World to the New. European slave ships unwittingly carried Africa's botanical heritage along with the people who valued it to the Americas. Africans cultivated foods crucial to their very survival in what Carney beautifully styles 'botanical gardens of the dispossessed'. A must-read for anyone interested in the circulation of plants, peoples, and competing knowledges in the Atlantic World. Londa Schiebinger, author of Plants and Empire: Colonial Biopropsecting in the Atlantic World"
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Food and the African Past
6
2 African Plants on the Move
27
3 African Food Crops and the Guinea Trade
46
4 African Food and the Atlantic Crossing
65
5 Maroon Subsistence Strategies
80
6 The Africanization of Plantation Food Systems
100
7 Botanical Gardens of the Dispossessed
123
8 Guineas Plants and European Empire
139
9 African Animals and Grasses in the NewWorld Tropics
155
10 Memory Dishes of the African Diaspora
177
Notes
187
Selected Bibliography
239
Index
261
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About the author (2011)

Judith A. Carney is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is the author of the award-winning book Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas. Richard Nicholas Rosomoff is an independent writer.

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