Incorporation of corrective feedback in native speaker/non-native speaker conversation
Graham Crookes, Kathryn A. Rulon, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Center for Second Language Classroom Research
Center for Second Language Classroom Research, Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1985 - Conversation - 54 pages
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activity-types in terms ANOVA Brock fit Center for Second Chaudron communication tasks CSLCR data base destabilization dyads errorful utterances Source feedback in task-related feedback x activity free conversation GROUPS MEAN groups Total groups Within groups Hawaii at Manoa Hypothesis Incorporation of feedback indicates significance interaction interlocutors interrater reliability kappa coefficient Language Classroom Research lexical item lexical voids linguistic material Moustache negative input negotiation of meaning NNS errorful utterances NNS utterance NNS's NS/NNS conversation number of NNS observed participants picture polar bear present study ratio of topic-continuing related conversation Science Research Institute second language acquisition Second Language Classroom Shortreed 1985 significant difference significantly more feedback significantly more incorporation significantly more topic Social Science Research Source of variation Spot the Difference SSRI STANFORD UNIVERSITY stimulus stimulus-salience task-related conversation Technical Report topic continuation topic-continuing utterances topic-initiating utterances Two-way comparisons TuKey University of Hawaii variation SS d.f. visual support Yeah Yeah Yeah