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Apache Apache basket Arizona artist band bark basket makers basket-making beautiful bird border bottom Cahuilla California carrying basket ceremony CHAPTER COILED BASKET collection color conventionalized cradle dance decorative diagonal dyes edge feathers fibre figures fillets finished flat four FROHMAN geometric George Wharton James Haida Havasupais Hopi horizontal Hupas Hyde Exploring Expedition imitative inches Indian Basketry loop Makahs material methods Modoks mountains Navaho Nevada Oraibi ornamentation Paiutis pattern piece Pima plait Poma pottery produced raffia rattan represents River root round rows Saboba sacred seen sewing shape shown in Fig shows side simple Southern specimens splints spokes stems stitch strands strips style sweet grass symbolism textile thread tray tribe Tule Tule River twigs twined weaving twist upper valleys Walpi warp water bottles weaver weft wicker willow woman women woof woven wrapped Yokuts yucca Zuni
Page 93 - ... This is my flag, and it represents the world. God told me to look after my people — all are my people. There are four ways in the world — north and south and east and west. I have been all those ways. This is the center. I live here. The red spot is my heart — everybody can see it. The yellow grass grows everywhere around this place. The green mountains are far away all around the world. There is only water beyond, salt water. The blue [referring to the blue cloth strip] is the sky, and...
Page 85 - ... closely and the resulting fabric is full of interstices. Sumac and willow are prepared for use in the same way. The bark is removed from the fresh shoots by biting it loose at the end and tearing it off. The woody portion is scraped to remove bud protuberances and other inequalities of the surface, and is then allowed to dry. These slender pieces of wood, that they may be distinguished from the other elements of basket materials, will be called withes. The second element is prepared from the...
Page 65 - ... the same as that with which the sewing is done, at others a strip of leaf or bast. The stitches pass over the rod and strip which are on top down under the welt only of the coil below, the stitches interlocking. The strip of tough fiber FIG.
Page 91 - ... (whippoorwill) feathers. Etseastin and Etseasun carried these to a spring, placing them toward the cardinal points. The eagle plumes were laid to the east and near by them white corn and white shell ; the blue feathers were laid to the south with blue corn and turquoise ; the hawk feathers were laid to the west with yellow corn and abalone shell ; and to the north were laid the whippoorwill feathers with black beads and corn of all the several colors.
Page 65 - A little attention to figure 23 will demonstrate that the alternate rod or the upper rod in each pair will be inclosed in two series of stitches, while the other or lower rod will pass along freely in the middle of one series of stitches and show on the outer side. Examples of this two-rod foundation are to be seen among the Athapascan tribes of Alaska, among the Pomo Indians of the Pacific coast, and among the Apache of Arizona. An...
Page 85 - The second element is prepared from the same plants. A squaw selects a fresh shoot, breaks off the too slender upper portion, and bites one end so that it starts to split into three nearly equal parts. Holding one of these p.arts in her teeth and one in either hand, she pulls them apart, guiding the split with her fingers so dexterously that the whole shoot is divided into three equal even portions.
Page 65 - ... or the upper rod in each pair will be inclosed in two series of stitches, while the other or lower rod will pass along freely in the middle of one series of stitches and show on the outer side. Examples of this two-rod foundation are to be seen among the Athapascan tribes of Alaska, among the Pomo Indians of the Pacific coast, and among the Apache of Arizona. An interesting or specialized variety of this type is seen among the Mescaleros of New Mexico, who use the two-rod foundation, but instead...
Page 85 - ... the thickness therefore of one of these bundles, and is composed of a continuous spiral of them. The willow withe furnishes a strong hold for the stitches, and the punctures are made by an iron awl. When such an instrument cannot be obtained an admirable equivalent is substituted in the form of a stout, horny cactus spine from the devil's pin-cushion, Echinocactus polycephalus, set in a head of hard pitch. The grass stems, when the stitches are drawn tightly, make a perfect packing, and the basket...
Page 126 - It is the most elegant and intricate of all in the woven or plicated species. Twined work has a set of warp rods or rigid elements, as in wickerwork; but the weft elements are commonly administered in pairs, though in three-ply twining and in braid twining three weft elements are employed. In...
Page 59 - There are specimens delicately made that will pass through a lady's finger ring, and others as large as a flour barrel; some specimens have stitching material one-half inch wide, as in the Pima granaries, and in others the root material is shredded so fine that nearly 100 stitches are made within an inch of space. In form the coiled ware may be perfectly flat, as in a table mat, or built up into the most exquisite jar shape. In design the upright stitthes lend themselves to the greatest variety of...