Industrial subcontracting in the UK and Japan
This book investigates the possibility that increased use of subcontracting could improve the international competitiveness of British industry, drawing on lessons from Japan. Based on interviews in Britain and Japan with over 40 companies, it concentrates on subcontracting in mechanical engineering, electronics, and the motor industry. Pressures such as intensified international competition, increased market volatility, and accelerated technical change have forced British firms into reorganization. The increased use of subcontracting involved in this has partly been the result of changes in the fundamental transactions-cost-economics determinants of subcontracting behaviour; but also, underutilized and already-existing subcontracting opportunities have been taken up in order to reduce costs, and this has required a rethinking of companies' methods of supply chain management. Subcontracting in Japan has involved highly efficient supply chain management and appears to have stimulated cooperative innovation.
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Subcontracting in the United Kingdom and Japan
The Industries and Firms
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Aoki attitude Basic Contract Britain British companies British engineering British industry British machine tool British motor industry British principals British subcontractors chapter components consumer electronics cooperation customers dependence discussion early 1990s recession economic economies of scale export factor flexible specialization highly important in-house production increased innovation integrated circuits international competition investment Japan Japanese companies Japanese industry Japanese motor Japanese principals Japanese subcontractors large companies machine tool companies machinery main principal major mechanical engineering medium enterprises medium firms motor industry motor manufacturer motor vehicles NEDC output outsourcing parent companies Piore and Sabel pressures principal and subcontractor principal's printed circuit board recession regard reorganization Sako sector semiconductor small and medium small firms SMEA SMEs specific structure subcontracting relations subcontracting relationship subcontracting system suppliers supply chain management surface-mount technology technical change tier trade transactions costs trust vertical integration workers
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