Infant and Child Mortality in the Past

Front Cover
Alain Bideau, Bertrand Desjardins, Perez Brignoli, Héctor Pérez Brignoli, Professor Brignoli
Clarendon Press, 1997 - Social Science - 312 pages
The main demographic revoulution in modern history has been the increased survival of children - the gradual elimination of the biological waste linked to the high mortality of the past. This volume examines the trends of early-age mortality across time and space and the methodological andtheoretical problems inherent in such studies. It widens the discussion beyond the standard European focus by including data from Asian and American sources, showing that they offer enormous potential for researchers. At the same time, it makes clear the need for cautious treatment of historicaldata and points towards the design of techniques for appraising their quality, correcting distortions, and filling gaps. The analysis demonstrates that levels of infant and child mortality are linked not only to material conditions of life but also to social and cultural factors. The authors argue that a better understanding of these interactions can only come from an interdisciplinary approach, where demographyjoins forces with biology, medicine, public health, and social and economic history.
 

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Contents

State of Knowledge
22
An International
38
Alpine Patterns of Infant Mortality in Perspective
61
A Survey of Current Knowledge
74
Wales 18611870 to 19011910
85
Infant and Child Mortality in the United States and Canada
91
Demographical Ecological Biological and Epidemiological
155
Family Formation and Infant Mortality in New France
174
For a History of Prematurity
188
At the Crossroads
203
Infant Vulnerability in Three Cultural Settings in Montreal 1880
216
A Tragedy in Two Acts
245
Infant Mortality in Late NineteenthCentury Canada
262
Differential Infant and Child Mortality in the Netherlands
276
Index
301
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Alain Bideau is Director of Research CNRS in France. Bertrand Desjardins is Research Fellow at The University of Montreal. Hector Perez-Brignoli is a Professor at The University of Costa Rica, San Jose.

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