Inference and Anticipation in Simultaneous Interpreting: A Probability-prediction Model

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John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 266 pages
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Until now, Ghelly Chernov s work on the theory of simultaneous interpretation (SI) was mostly accessible only to a Russian-speaking readership. Finally, Chernov s major work, originally published in Russia in 1987 under the title "?????? ??????????? ???????? (Introduction to Simultaneous Interpretation)" and widely considered a classic in interpretation theory, is now available in English as well. Adopting a psycholinguistic approach to professional SI, Chernov defines it as a task performed in a single pass concurrently with the source language speech, under extreme perception and production conditions in which only a limited amount of information can be processed at any given time. Being both a researcher and a practitioner, Chernov drew from a rich interpreting corpus to create the first comprehensive model of simultaneous interpretation. His model draws on semantics, pragmatics, Russian Activity Theory and the SI communicative situation to formulate the principles of objective and subjective redundancy and identify probability prediction as the enabling mechanism of SI. Edited with notes and a critical foreword by two active SI researchers, Robin Setton and Adelina Hild, this book will be useful to practicing interpreters in providing a theoretical basis for appreciating the syntactic and other devices that can be used by both students and experienced interpreters in fine-tuning their performance in the booth.
 

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Contents

Time constraints
15
Polysemy and synonymy in discourse
28
Theme of communication object of an utterance and foregrounding
42
The semantic structure of discourse and its basic components
46
Semantic structure as the object and product of SI
53
CHAPTER 5
57
Linguistic inference
61
Cognitive inference
65
CHAPTER 7
107
Redundancy in Spanish public speaking
111
Types of speech compression in SI
113
CHAPTER 8
121
Loss of information due to a missed rheme
123
Strong rheme weak rheme chain of referents
124
The dominant evaluative rheme in a political discourse
127
Syntax and communicative word order
135

Situational inference
70
Pragmatic inference
71
The communicative situation of simultaneous interpretation
72
Discourse equivalent
77
Interdependence of situation and semantic structure in inferencing
78
An illustration
82
CHAPTER 6
86
A probability anticipation model for SI
91
Message development probability anticipation
92
Multilevel redundancy and probability anticipation
93
Cumulative dynamic analysis CDA and the range of probability anticipation
96
Towards the internal program for the TL utterance
104
Word order and communicative syntax
145
Syntactic complexity logical sequence and working memory
157
CHAPTER 10
165
Selfmonitoring or feedback
178
CHAPTER 11
185
CHAPTER 12
199
References
213
TRANSCRIPTS
223
Appendix
241
Appendix C
247
Name index
253
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