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Tbe Nature of Inference and Fallacies
Udyotakara on Anumana and Hetvabhasa 71
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accepted Aksapada anaikdntika analogical reasoning anumdna anyathdsiddha arguing argument asiddha bddhita Bhasarvajfla Buddhist Caraka chala classification cognition committing concept conclusion context debater definiendum definiens Dharmakirti Diiinaga Dinnaga discussed disputant disputant's distinction drstdnta dubitability example expressed fallacies based fallacies of definition fallacies of hetu fallacies of instance fallacious hetu fallacy called false falsity formal fallacies generalisation hetu and sddhya hetu exists hetvdbhdsa impermanent Indian logic Indian logicians inductive inductive reasoning inferencial statement Jaina Jayanta jdti kdldtita material fallacies means mentioned Naiyayikas namely naydbhdsa negative analogy negative instance notion Nyaya logicians nyuna observed occasions of defeat opponent paksa paksa-subject pardrthdnumdna philosophers positive analogy prakaranasama pramdna pratyaksa predicated premises proved purely positive refers refutation regarded relation between hetu samsayasama sapaksa satpratipaksa savyabhicara sddhandbhdsa sddhya-case sddhyasama second step seen sense signifying analogy Similarly term thesis things having H third step types Udyotakara upanaya valid varnyasama Vatsyayana vipaksa viruddha viruddhdvyabhicdri vyabhicdra vyatireka vydpti