Information and Computation: Essays on Scientific and Philosophical Understanding of Foundations of Information and Computation

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World Scientific, 2011 - Automatic control - 496 pages
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Information is a basic structure of the world, while computation is a process of the dynamic change of information. This book provides a cutting-edge view of world''s leading authorities in fields where information and computation play a central role. It sketches the contours of the future landscape for the development of our understanding of information and computation, their mutual relationship and the role in cognition, informatics, biology, artificial intelligence, and information technology. This book is an utterly enjoyable and engaging read which gives readers an opportunity to understand and relate phenomena seemingly unrelated in a completely new light OCo especially the connections between information, computation, cognition and life.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 CYBERSEMIOTICS AND THE QUESTION OF KNOWLEDGE
1
CHAPTER 2 INFORMATION DYNAMICS IN A CATEGORICAL SETTING
35
CHAPTER 3 MATHEMATICS AS A BIOLOGICAL PROCESS
79
CHAPTER 4 INFORMATION CAUSATION AND COMPUTATION
89
THE COMPUTATIONAL CONTENT OF SUPERVENIENCE
107
INFOCOMPUTATIONAL VS MECHANISTIC
149
CHAPTER 7 DOES COMPUTING EMBRACE SELFORGANIZATION?
185
FROM FULL COGNITION TO LAPLACE DETERMINISM TO STATISTICAL DETERMINISM TO MODERN APPROACH
203
CHAPTER 10 COMPUTATION ON INFORMATION MEANING AND REPRESENTATIONS AN EVOLUTIONARY APPROACH
255
CHAPTER 11 INTERIOR GROUNDING REFLECTION AND SELFCONSCIOUSNESS
287
MINIMAL PROPERTIES AND EVOLUTIONARY IMPLICATIONS
307
CHAPTER 13 SUPERRECURSIVE FEATURES OF EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES AND THE MODELS FOR COMPUTATIONAL EVOLUTION
331
CHAPTER 14 TOWARDS A MODELING VIEW OF COMPUTING
381
CHAPTER 15 WHATS INFORMATION FOR AN ORGANISM OR INTELLIGENT MACHINE? HOW CAN A MACHINE OR ORGANISM MEAN?
393
THE RANKING OF REASONABLE INFERENCES AS A COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH TO NATURALLY INCONSISTENT LEGAL THEORIES
439
CHAPTER 17 ON THE ALGORITHMIC NATURE OF THE WORLD
477

CHAPTER 9 BODIES BOTH INFORMED AND TRANSFORMED EMBODIED COMPUTATION AND INFORMATION PROCESSING
225

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