Information and Intelligence (including Terrorism) Fusion Centers
The value proposition for fusion centres is that by integrating various streams of information and intelligence, including that flowing from the federal government, state, local, and tribal governments, as well as the private sector, a more accurate picture of risks to people, economic infrastructure, and communities can be developed and translated into protective action. The ultimate goal of fusion is to prevent manmade (terrorist) attacks and to respond to natural disasters and manmade threats quickly and efficiently should they occur. As recipients of federal government-provided national intelligence, another goal of fusion centres is to model how events inimical to U.S. interests overseas may be manifested in their communities, and align protective resources accordingly. There are several risks to the fusion centre concept -- including potential privacy and civil liberties violations, and the possible inability of fusion centres to demonstrate utility in the absence of future terrorist attacks, particularly during periods of relative state fiscal austerity. Fusion centres are state-created entities largely financed and staffed by the states, and there is no one "model" for how a centre should be structured. State and local law enforcement and criminal intelligence seem to be at the core of many of the centres.
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9/11 Commission 9/11 Commission Report accessed on June all-hazards and/or argued Arguments in favor civil liberties classified information COINTELPRO collocated Congress Cons Arguments coordination counterterrorism create crime criminal intelligence critical infrastructure Department of Homeland detailees efforts entities established FBI and DHS federal agencies federal funding federal government federal Intelligence Community Fusion Center Conference fusion center development Fusion Center Guidelines fusion center leaders fusion center leadership fusion center officials fusion center personnel fusion center representative Government Accountability Office HIDTA Homeland Security Grant homeland security observers HSGP funds information and intelligence Information Sharing Environment intelligence analysts intelligence and information intelligence cycle Intelligence-Led Policing investigation issues ITACG June 12 June 27 law enforcement agencies National Fusion Center National Intelligence operations potential prevention private sector data proactive Pros and Cons regional fusion centers response role September 11th attacks sustainment funding Terrorism terrorist attacks threat assessment