Information and Intelligence (including Terrorism) Fusion Centers

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Nova Publishers, 2008 - Political Science - 111 pages
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The value proposition for fusion centres is that by integrating various streams of information and intelligence, including that flowing from the federal government, state, local, and tribal governments, as well as the private sector, a more accurate picture of risks to people, economic infrastructure, and communities can be developed and translated into protective action. The ultimate goal of fusion is to prevent manmade (terrorist) attacks and to respond to natural disasters and manmade threats quickly and efficiently should they occur. As recipients of federal government-provided national intelligence, another goal of fusion centres is to model how events inimical to U.S. interests overseas may be manifested in their communities, and align protective resources accordingly. There are several risks to the fusion centre concept -- including potential privacy and civil liberties violations, and the possible inability of fusion centres to demonstrate utility in the absence of future terrorist attacks, particularly during periods of relative state fiscal austerity. Fusion centres are state-created entities largely financed and staffed by the states, and there is no one "model" for how a centre should be structured. State and local law enforcement and criminal intelligence seem to be at the core of many of the centres.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
FUSION CENTER VALUE PROPOSITION
3
POTENTIAL RISKS TO FUSION CENTERS
9
EVOLUTION OF FUSION CENTER CONCEPT
15
CHARACTERISTICS OF STATEREGIONAL FUSION CENTERS
19
FEDERALISM AND THE FEDERAL ROLE IN FUSION CENTERS
35
PRIVATE SECTOR PURPOSES AND ROLES IN FUSION CENTERS
49
FUSION CENTER CHALLENGES AND POTENTIAL OPTIONS FOR CONGRESS
51
PHILOSOPHIES OF INTELLIGENCE
81
MAP OF CURRENT AND PLANNED FUSION CENTERS
85
REFERENCES
87
INDEX
105
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