Information Economy Report 2007-2008: Science and Technology for Development : the New Paradigm of ICT

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United Nations Publications, 2007 - Business & Economics - 348 pages
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The Information Economy Report 2008 - Science and technology for development: the new paradigm of ICT, analyses the current and potential contribution of information technology to knowledge creation and diffusion. It explores how ICTs help generate innovations that improve the livelihoods of the poor and support enterprise competitiveness. The report examines how ICTs affect productivity and growth and reflects on the need for a development-oriented approach to intellectual property rights in order to enable effective access to technology. ICT has also given rise to new models for sharing knowledge and collective production.
 

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Contents

OVERVIEW
xxiii
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT THE NEW PARADIGM OF ICT
1
A Science and technology in development
2
B ICT as a generalpurpose technology
8
C Harnessing ICT for development
13
References and bibliography
16
Notes
18
TRENDS IN ICT ACCESS AND USE
21
D Conclusions and policy recommendations
206
References and bibliography
208
Notes
210
EBANKING AND EPAYMENTS IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPING AND TRANSITION ECONOMIES
213
B ICTs and innovations in banking and payments
214
C Recent trends in ebanking and epayments
219
D Ebanking and epayments for development
223
E Regulatory issues related to ebanking and epayments
233

C ICT access and use by enterprises
29
D Conclusions
42
STATISTICAL ANNEX
43
References
96
Notes
98
THE ICT PRODUCING SECTOR AND THE EMERGING SOUTH
101
B ICT market value added and employment
103
C Trade and investment in ICT goods and services
114
D The role of the ICT sector in the growth of China and India
123
E International and national environment and policymaking
129
F Conclusions and policy recommendations
133
Trade in ICT goods
135
ITA members as of September 2007
148
References
149
Notes
151
MEASURING THE IMPACT OF ICT ON PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY
153
B Economic impact of ICT at the macroeconomic level
154
C Firmlevel impact of ICTs
161
D Measuring ICT use and productivity in Thai manufacturing firms
166
E Concluding remarks and policy issues
180
Summary of Literature on ICTs and productivity at the firm level
183
References
185
Notes
188
ICT EBUSINESS AND INNOVATION POLICIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
191
B Impact on innovation of the use of ICTs by enterprises
193
C Maximizing synergies between ebusiness and innovation policies
201
F Conclusions
234
References and bibliography
236
Notes
240
MOBILE TELEPHONY IN AFRICA CROSSCOUNTRY COMPARISON
243
stylized facts
244
C Country analysis
251
D Crosscountry comparison
260
E Conclusions
261
References and bibliography
263
Notes
267
PROMOTING LIVELIHOODS THROUGH TELECENTRES
269
C Recommendations to support livelihoods through telecentres
297
ICTs and poverty reduction Case study Chilean telecentre network
301
UNCTAD questionnaire
302
References
316
Notes
319
HARMONIZING CYBER LEGISLATION AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL THE CASE OF ASEAN
321
B Regional and domestic implementation
324
C Lessons learned
331
D Concluding remarks and policy recommendations
339
ASEANs countries legislation
341
Survey on ecommerce legislation in developing countries
342
References and bibliography
344
Notes
345
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