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animal astringent bark barley beaten becomes birds bladder wrack body body whorl boiled bones brittle called camphor caterpillar chiefly clay cloth coarse cold colour comb consists contains copper cotton covered cultivated dissolved dried ductility dulse eggs elastic employed feelers fibres flax flowers formed fruit glass glue grain green ground grow hammer hard heat hemp hive hole immense numbers inches insect Irish moss iron kind large number latter leather leaves light lime limpet manufacture melted metals mixed moulds mussel native obtained odour paper Pearlash perfect insect pieces placed plant polished possesses pressed produce purpose quill readily render rennet ripe seeds shape sheet shell silk silkworm silver skin small quantity smooth soap soft steel stem substance sugar surface tallow taste termed thick thin threads tree univalve usually various vessels warp weft wheat whelk whilst White mustard wire wood
Page 60 - business ", however, is also used in another and a very different sense, as meaning an active occupation or profession continuously carried on, and it is in this sense that the word is used in the Act with which we are here concerned.
Page 42 - And the flax and the barley were smitten : for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was boiled. But the wheat and the spelt were not smitten : for they were not grown up.
Page 47 - Cloves are the unopened flowers of a small evergreen tree that resembles in appearance the laurel or the bay. It is a native of the Molucca, or Spice Islands, but has been carried to all the warmer parts of the world, and is largely cultivated in the tropical regions of America. The flowers are small in size, and grow in large numbers in clusters at the very ends of the branches. The cloves we use are the flowers gathered before they have opened, and whilst they are still green. After being gathered...
Page 47 - ... rolled up. enclosing a number of small stalks or filaments. The other part of the clove is terminated with four points, and is, in fact, the flower-cup, and the unripe seed-vessel. All these parts may be distinctly shown if a few leaves are soaked for a short time in hot water, when the leaves of the flowers soften, and readily unroll. The smell of cloves is very strong and aromatic, but not unpleasant. Their taste is pungent, acrid, and lasting. Both the taste and smell depend on the quantity...
Page 120 - When prepared for combs, the horn is slightly pressed and cut into the required shape by a saw and rasps; the teeth are then cut by a saw, and finished by rasping. If a very large piece of horn is required for a comb, or any other article, two pieces are joined together by heating the edges until they are quite soft, and pressing them together firmly till they are cold. Drinking cups are formed by moulding the hollow part of the horn (softened by heat) into a regular shape—it is then polished.
Page 125 - In excavating the city of Pompeii, which was buried by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius, about 1700 years ago, a soap-maker's shop, containing soap, was discovered.
Page 42 - ... reaped in the same year ; one in the spring from seed sown in the autumn, and one in the autumn from seed sown in the spring. This explains a passage in Scripture, which speaks of the destruction of this plant in one of the ten plagues, Exod. ix. 31, 32. Commentators are generally agreed that this even happened in March : the first crop of barley was therefore nearly ripe, and the flax ready to gather ; but the wheat and the rye sown in spring were not sufficiently advanced in growth to be injured....
Page 47 - The bark is then slit up on one side and removed from the branch, tied up in bundles until the next day, when it is loosened, and the skin or outer bark scraped off. It is then dried or rolled up into quills or pipes, about three feet long, which have a slit down one side where the bark was cut. The smallest quills are rolled up inside the larger; the whole are then tied up in bundles of 80 or 90 Ibs. weight, and wrapped up in cloths, when they are ready for exportation.