Inheriting the past: the making of Arthur C. Parker and indigenous archaeology
University of Arizona Press, Nov 1, 2009 - Biography & Autobiography - 268 pages
In recent years, archaeologists and Native American communities have struggled to find common ground even though more than a century ago a man of Seneca descent raised on New York's Cattaraugus Reservation, Arthur C. Parker, joined the ranks of professional archaeology. Until now, Parker's life and legacy as the first Native American archaeologist have been neither closely studied nor widely recognized. At a time when heated debates about the control of Native American heritage have come to dominate archaeology, Parker's experiences form a singular lens to view the field's tangled history and current predicaments with Indigenous peoples. In Inheriting the Past, Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh examines Parker's winding career path and asks why it has taken generations for Native peoples to follow in his footsteps. Closely tracing Parker's life through extensive archival research, Colwell-Chanthaphonh explores how Parker crafted a professional identity and negotiated dilemmas arising from questions of privilege, ownership, authorship, and public participation. How Parker, as well as the discipline more broadly, chose to address the conflict between Native American rights and the pursuit of scientific discovery ultimately helped form archaeology's moral community. Parker's rise in archaeology just as the field was taking shape demonstrates that Native Americans could have found a place in the scholarly pursuit of the past years ago and altered its trajectory. Instead, it has taken more than a century to articulate the promise of an Indigenous archaeology-an archaeological practice carried out by, for, and with Native peoples. As the current generation of researchers explores new possibilities of inclusiveness, Parker's struggles and successes serve as a singular reference point to reflect on archaeology's history and its future.
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A. C. Parker Accession Alanson Skinner American Archaeology American Indian ancient Anglo anthropology archae Archaeologist Correspondence argues Arthur artifacts believed Bertha Beulah bones burials Cattaraugus Reservation century Cody collecting collectors cultural digging early Ely Parker Ethnology excavations exhibits expedition exploration Fenton folder P.2 gist graves Harrington to Frederic Haudenosaunee heritage human remains identity Indigenous Archaeology Iron Eyes Cody Iroquois Iroquois Papers John Wesley Powell Joseph Keppler Joseph Keppler Jr Kennedy Kennewick land later letter Lewis Henry Morgan living M. R. Harrington Mark Raymond Harrington moral Morgan Museum Service NAGPRA National Native American Nicholson NYSL objects ologist Parker to Frederic Parker to Joseph Parker wrote past Peabody Museum PMAE political predicaments professional race relics repatriation rington Rochester scholars scientific Seneca Silverheels skeleton social Society for American specimens tion tribes wampum Watkins writing wrote to Putnam York State Museum