Initia Amharica: An Introduction to Spoken Amharic

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 31, 2010 - Foreign Language Study - 428 pages
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C. H. Armbruster (1874-1957) was a civil servant in the Anglo-Sudan government and a linguist specialising in African languages. After visiting Ethiopia on diplomatic missions in 1906 and 1907 Armbruster published this three-volume reference work on colloquial, spoken Amharic between 1908 and 1920. Armbruster's study of Amharic was one of the first to be written in English, and exemplifies the shift among linguists away from the formal, classics-based style of earlier reference grammars towards a focus on colloquial speech and communication. His examples are drawn from direct knowledge of the contemporary language, unlike similar works of the period which were often based on centuries-old Ethiopian Orthodox biblical texts. Volume 1 is devoted to grammar. Armbruster provides an extensive discussion of the phonetics and phonology of the language and their relation to Amharic script together with explanations and examples of verb conjugations, syntax and sentence formation.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
4a The Amharic Characters
8
44a hA ala 135
18
7a Crasis or Contraction of Adjacent Vowels
19
Accent
35
ACCIDENCE
51
The Adjective
53
12c Personal Pronouns Conjunctive with Verbs
60
Negative of ?A alia W
122
43a The Impersonal Verb
133
ht
136
Composite
143
SYNTAX
152
The Accusative
158
Determinate Accusative
159
The Article
165

13a The Demonstrative Pronoun
67
The Indefinite Pronoun
77
The Reflexive Pronoun
83
20c The Fraction
89
23a Voice
95
Imperative
100
33c Other Composite Tenses
106
quadriliteral verb
114
62e Case of the Relative
172
67c Construction of the Participle
177
The Sentence
183
The Conditional Sentence
189
Note
195
Index
393
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