This text presents epidemiologic methods for studying injuries and evaluating interventions to prevent them to students and health care and safety professionals. Injuries can be classified under many descriptions, such as causal energy, agent of energy impact, and behavioral interventions. The formations of research questions and the choice of research methods may reveal or obscure patterns which can lead to remarkable reductions in injury. Relatively simple descriptive studies are helpful in targeting and improving injury control programs, while changeable factors are revealed only by more sophisticated analytic methods. The sources for such reliable, valid data and exemplary study designs are contained in this essential textbook. In addition, the difficulties in using rates and ratios, and applying epidemiologic methods when evaluating programs, laws, and regulations are covered. The use of economic concepts and policy analysis, topics not usually found in epidemiology texts, is also discussed and illustrated.
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Abbreviated Injury Scale air bags alcohol all-terrain vehicles analysis areas assaults attempt behavior bicycle helmets cars case-control causal Chapter clinical correlation death rates disease drivers energy exchange epidemiology estimates evaluation example experimental exposure extent fatal crashes fatal injuries given gun control hazards helmet Highway Traffic Safety homicide hospital human capital costs hypothesized identified impairment incidence included increased indicated injury control injury rates Injury Severity Score Jeep CJ-5 jury laws less manufacturers measure modifications motor vehicle motor vehicle injuries motorcycle National Highway Traffic NHTSA occupant occur OSHA patients pedestrian percent persons police population potential problems programs Public Health reduce injuries regulation rehabilitation relative reported result risk compensation road Robertson LS rollover sample seat belt severe injuries specific speed statistical statistical power substantial suicide surveillance tion tissue Traffic Safety Administration trauma center trucks types of injury willingness-to-pay workers
Page 231 - Economic Relations (1989) Who Should Be Liable? A Guide to Policy for Dealing with Risk (1989) Investing in America's Future: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Sector Economic Policies (1988) Children in Need: Investment Strategies for the Educationally Disadvantaged...