Innovation Clusters in the 10 New Member States of the European Union
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2007 - Business & Economics - 81 pages
This report finds that the lack of regional specialisation might be an important factor explaining the European competitiveness gap with leading global peers. The report presents the first systematic mapping and analysis of regional clusters across the EU-10. It describes the differences in regional specialisation across 38 cluster categories, the changes that have occurred in cluster specialisation patterns in the last few years, and the nature of the leading locations across individual cluster categories. The cluster sector gained a total of 1 million jobs between 2000 and 2004, an increase of about 10 per cent. Overall, the regional clusters account for almost two thirds of total employment in the cluster sector across the 10 new Member States. In recent years, strong clusters have emerged, such as in the automotive industry, but some other sectors lost economic importance (eg footwear). The figures in the report suggest that the economies of the EU-10 countries are still undergoing an intense structural change.
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Regional economies cluster portfolios across the EU10
38 cluster categories Aerospace analysis Apparel Biopharmaceuticals Bratislava Brno Budapest Building fixtures business environment conditions Business services Bydgoszcz cluster definitions cluster initiatives cluster portfolio strength cluster presence cluster sector employment Communications equipment Construction materials construction services Heavy Cyprus Czech Republic Debrecen economic activity Education and knowledge equipment and services Estonia EU-10 countries export food Processed food geographic concentration Gini Global competitiveness report Heavy construction services Hospitality and tourism Hungary industries Information technology innovation Katowice knowledge creation Kosice Latvia Liberec Lithuania logistics Transportation Malta measures of cluster Member microeconomic Miskolc NACE Nitra number of stars NUTS 2 regions Olsztyn Ostrava overall PL Katowice PL Krakow PL Lodz PL Warszawa Poland policies Poznan Praha City Praha Region Processed food Processed ranks regional economies registered relative Rzeszow services Heavy construction Slovakia Slovenia structural change Szczecin Szeged Székestehérvar Table Textiles Transportation and logistics Trpt Usti nad Labem Zilina