Innovation in Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory: Molecular Vortices, Displacement Current, and Light
James Clerk Maxwell's (1831-1879) contributions to twentieth-century science and technology - in particular, the displacement current and the electromagnetic theory of light - are among the most spectacular innovations in the history of physics, but the technical complexities and thematic subtleties of his work have been difficult to unravel. In considering the historical development of Maxwell's work, Dr Siegel's close analysis of the original texts - with careful attention to the equations as well as to the words - reveals that mechanical modeling played a crucial role in Maxwell's initial conceptualizations of the displacement current and the electromagnetic character of light. Beyond this, Siegel locates Maxwell's work in the full sweep of nineteenth-century electromagnetic theory - from Oersted, Ampere, and Faraday, through Hertz and Lorentz - and in the context of the methodological traditions and perspectives of early physics research at the Universities of Edinburgh and Cambridge.
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The background to Maxwells electromagnetic theory
Mechanical image and reality in Maxwells electromagnetic theory
The elaboration of the molecularvortex model
The introduction of the displacement current
The origin of the electromagnetic theory of light
Beyond molecular vortices
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Ampere Ampere's law analogy angular velocity basis calculation Cambridge Campbell and Garnett capacitor Chapter charge-interaction charging capacitor circuit components concept concerning connection context correspondence Coulomb's law density dielectric displacement current Dynamical Theory elec electric charge electric current electric field electricity and magnetism electromagnetic induction electromagnetic phenomena electromagnetic theory electromagnetism and optics electromotive force electrostatic equation of continuity ether Everitt Faraday rotation Faraday's Lines Figure fluid Forbes Harman Helmholtz's Herschel hypothesis Ibid idem idle-wheel particles James Clerk Maxwell lines of force magnetic field magnetic forces magnetoelectric medium mathematical Maxwell to Thomson Maxwell's electromagnetic theory Maxwellian mechanical model mechanical representation molecular vortices molecular-vortex model motion Papers of Maxwell parameters Physical Lines plates polarization propagation ratio of units relationship represent result rotatory Science Section small particles solenoidal standard account theory of light theory of molecular tion Treatise tromagnetic vector velocity of light waves Weber Whewell William Thomson wire
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THE APPLICABILITY OF MATHEMATICS AS A PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEM
No preview available - 1998