Insect Pathology

Front Cover
Gulf Professional Publishing, 1993 - Medical - 666 pages
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Associations between insects and nonpathogenic microorganisms; Symbiosis; External microbiota; Insect-Cultivated fungi; Internal microbiota; Internal microbiota of termites; Intrahemocoelic and intracellular microbiota; Role of symbionts; Reproductive incompatibility; Methods of obtaining aposymbiotic hosts; Transmission of symbionts through; Host generations; References; Amicrobial and microbial agents; Amicrobial diseases; Microbial diseases; References; Bacterial infections: Bacillaceae; Symptoms and pathology; Portals of entry; Types of entomopathogenic bacteria; Family bacillaceae; References; Other bacterial infections; Pseudomonadaceae infections; Enterobacteriaceae infections; Vibrionaceae infections; Streptococcaceae infections; Actinommycetes infections; Rickettsial infections; Class mollicutes; DNA-viral infections: baculoviridae; Viral structure and replication; Insect viral classification; Hosts and tissue culture Types of insect viruses; Family baculoviridae; Nuclear polyhedrosis viruses; Granulosis viruses; Nonoccluded viruses; Other dna-viral infections; Polydnaviridae-ds DNA, enveloped; Poxviridae-dsDNA, enveloped; Ascoviridae-dsDNA, enveloped; Iridoviridae-dsDNA, nonenveloped; Parvoviridae-ssDNA, nonenveloped; RNA-viral infections: reoviridae; Cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses; Muscareovirus-house fly virus; Other rna-viral infections; Birnaviridae-bisegmented, dsrna; Rhabdoviridae-ssrna, enveloped; Picornaviridae-ssrna, nonenveloped; Caliciviridae-ssrna, nonenveloped; Tetraviridae(Nudaurelia B virus group)-ssrna, nonenveloped; Nodaviridae-ssrna, nonenvelopd; Fungal infections; Classication; Structure and reproduction; Hosts; Pathogenicity; Signs and symptoms; Effect of environmental conditions; Subdivision mastigomycotia; Subdivision zygomycotina, class zygomycetes, order mucorales; Subdivision ascomycotina; Subdivision basiodiomycotina; Subdivision deuteromycotina; Protozoan infections: Zoomastigina, rhzopoda, and ciliophora; Historical aspects; Relation of protozoa to insects; Portals of entry; Pothogenesis, signs, and symptoms; Zoomstigina (flagellate) infections; Rhizopoda (Amoebic) infections; Ciliophora (Ciliate) infections; Protozoan infections: Apicomplexa, microspora: Apicomplexa, gregarinia; Apicomplexa, coccidia; Microspora, microsporea; Nematodes, nematomorphs, and platyhelminthes; Historical review; Taxonomy; General life cycle of nematodes; Associations with insect hosts; Types of insect-nematode associations; Host specifity; Mode of infection; Host resistance; Pathology; Biology and life cycle of selected nematodes; Nematomorpha; Platylminthes; Host resistance: Resistence at the species level; Insect age and stage; Nutritional factors; Physical factors; Morphological and physiological defenses; Hematology; Blood clotting; Cellular immunity; Insect plasma and humoral immunity; Innate humoral immunity; Passively acquired inmunity; Microbial control; Approaches to microbial control; Economic threshold; Factors affecting efficacy; Safety; Molecular genetics; Microbial pesticides; Microbial production; Formulation; Stadardization; Storage; Application technology; Advantages and disadvantages of microbial control; Examples of long-term control; Examples of the ipm approach; Destructions of symbionts; Epizootiology; Definition of some epizootiological terms; Modeling; Key factors in epizootiology; The environment present status.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN INSECTS
12
AMICROBIAL AND MICROBIAL AGENTS
52
BACILLACEAE
83
OTHER BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
147
BACULOVIRIDAE
171
OTHER DNAVIRAL INFECTIONS
245
REOVIRIDAE
275
Biology and Life Cycle of Selected Nematodes
471
Nematomorpha
482
Platyhelminthes
483
HOST RESISTANCE
492
Resistance at the Species Level
493
Insect Age and Stage
495
Nutritional Factors
497
Physical Factors
499

OTHER RNAVIRAL INFECTIONS
296
FUNGAL INFECTIONS
318
Classification
319
Hosts
321
Pathogenicity
327
Effect of Environmental Conditions
328
Subdivision Mastigomycotina
329
Subdivision Zygomycotina Class Zygomycetes Order Mucorales
336
Subdivision Ascomycotina
347
Subdivision Basiodiomycotina
356
References
366
ZOOMASTIGINA RHIZOPODA AND CILIOPHORA
388
Historical Aspects
389
Relation of Protozoa to Insects
391
Pathogenesis Signs and Symptoms
392
Rhizopoda Amoebic Infections
399
Ciliophora Ciliate Infections
402
References
407
APICOMPLEXA MICROSPORA
414
Apicomplexa Gregarinia
415
Apicomplexa Coccidia
423
Microspora Microsporea
425
References
447
NEMATODES NEMATOMORPHS AND PLATYHELMINTHES
459
Historical Review
460
Taxonomy
461
Associations with Insect Hosts
462
Types of InsectNematode Associations
463
Host Specificity
464
Mode of Infection
465
Host Resistance
466
Pathology
467
Morphological and Physiological Defenses
500
Hematology
507
Blood Clotting
511
Cellular Immunity
512
Insect Plasma and Humoral Immunity
521
Innate Humoral Immunity
522
Acquired Immunity
524
Passively Acquired Immunity
533
MICROBIAL CONTROL
554
Approaches to Microbial Control
555
Economic Threshold
556
Factors Affecting Efficacy
557
Safety
561
Molecular Genetics
563
Microbial Pesticides
565
Mass Production
566
Formulations
567
Standardization
568
Storage
569
Advantages and Disadvantages of Microbial Control
570
Examples of LongTerm Control
571
Examples of ShortTerm Control
577
Examples of the IPM Approach
582
Destruction of Symbionts
584
EPIZOOTIOLOGY
595
Definition of Some Epizootiological Terms
596
Modeling
597
Key Factors in Epizootiology
600
The Environment
612
Present Status
622
Index
633
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