Installing Efficiency Methods

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Engineering Magazine, 1915 - Industrial efficiency - 258 pages
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Page 210 - Economy does not consist in the reckless reduction of estimates; on the contrary, such a course almost necessarily tends to increased expenditures.
Page 58 - ... in fact, advisory and supplementary to the Line division. It involves the segregation of those activities which are not part of the routine of production, and the placing of them under officials who take no direct or executive share in that routine. " The chief function of the Staff is to analyse and point out the road to business efficiency. The task of attaining the ideals pointed out is the function of the Line."1 The essential point in this principle of organizing is the nonexecutive and...
Page 115 - We can answer this by defining "graphic production control" as "that mechanism which provides a means whereby, through visualization or graphical presentation, all details in connection with production can be intelligently planned in advance and efficiently dispatched; whereby each machine, man, or gang can work with reference to all other machines, men, or gangs; whereby the shop management can, through advance knowledge, provide the necessary elements in the way of materials, machines, tools, drawings,...
Page 189 - Finally when men are well along towards the 100 per cent mark they are attracted by the additional 5 per cent premium for qualifying as 100 per cent men. A bonus of 20 per cent plus 5 per cent premium seems worth the additional effort to the man who is within 3 per cent or 4 per cent of the goal. For comparative purposes the Emerson curve has been shown by a dotted line where it varies from the curve recommended. The extra amount indicated by the shaded zone 1 is to warrant men, who might otherwise...
Page 13 - They must also break in new men, adjust differences as to wages with them, look after quality of production, keep up discipline, keep down rejections. On top of all this you expect your foremen to exercise the functions of an order department in ordering their material, and then act as chasers in keeping the work flowing through the plant.
Page 211 - ... methods to achieve definite ends. Just as there are formulae for chemistry, so must there be formulae for management. " The chemist mixes a definite quantity of this and a definite amount of that, and he has what he knew would be the result of the combination of the elements," says Mr. CE Knoeppel. " The manufacturer mixes tons of this, feet of that, so many machines, some money, men, and knows absolutely nothing about the real outcome as regards cost and efficiency until the product is completed."1...
Page 211 - ... result of an established scientific and impregnable method of working. If management is indeed a science, it must accept scientific ways and means of working. It must adopt definite methods to achieve definite ends. Just as there are formulae for chemistry, so must there be formulae for management. " The chemist mixes a definite quantity of this and a definite amount of that, and he has what he knew would be the result of the combination of the elements,
Page 187 - ... negatively, signify deliberate human restriction of output. Skewed positively, after the introduction of selection of employees by test or examination, a narrow dispersion indicates a successful system of selection. Florence quotes Knoeppel with approval, in discussing the incentive of piece wages. " Each man should see an ideal ahead of him that his mentality can readily comprehend, for just as surely as he attains this ideal, it is automatically replaced by one still higher. Thus standardisation...
Page 233 - Scientific management is not something that can be bought in a box. It is not something in the nature of a drug that one takes and feels better. It is not a card index. It is dependent upon no single mechanism. Nor is it a combination of any number of mechanisms. It is not a system of keeping costs, nor is it a method of paying wages.
Page 201 - Time production, is higher than if they were earning no bonus. It is a good plan to know what the standard earnings should be, which on the chart are shown by a dotted line. The actual bonus earnings come within 20 cts. of the standard in period ending 6/28. The chart shows a healthy condition in that bonus earnings per man show a steady increase.

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